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The question at issue is the Navigation Protection Act. The NPA is an act that regulates, among other things, the development or maintenance of works or obstructions that might affect the navigation of navigable waters across Canada. Under the current version of the NPA, protections are provided only to navigable waters that are on the schedule.
Bill C-385, the item before the committee, amends the NPA to add a number of lakes and rivers to that schedule, so it extends those protections to those lakes and rivers specifically. The government bill, Bill C-69, was introduced earlier this month, on February 8, and makes significant amendments to the NPA. It renames it the Canadian Navigable Waters Act and, under the CNWA, the regime around protecting navigable waters from obstructions and works changes considerably. In particular, it expands the protections that were previously granted in the schedule to any lake, river, or body of water that meets the definition of “navigable water”.
There is a distinction between the types of protections offered, based on the type of work, and there remains a schedule on the act. There remains something of a difference between lakes and rivers on this schedule and navigable waters generally.
I can get into that if you would like, but suffice it to say that both Bill C-385 and Bill C-69 extend protections currently provided by the NPA to the lakes and rivers named in the private member's bill. They do so in different ways and would ultimately provide slightly different levels of protection. The issue that arises is whether they concern the same question. I'm happy to provide my assessment on that question.
Okay. My assessment is that in fact they do concern the same question or a similar enough question. They are essentially.... I'll go through it very briefly.
This provision is a little vague, but I interpret the criteria to cover three situations. The first is where a bill is duplicative: where a government bill and a private member's bill seek to achieve the same goal and they do it in the same way. That's not the case here.
The second is where the bill is redundant: where the two bills seek to achieve the same goal but achieve it in different ways. I would argue that this is the case here.
The third is where the bill is contradictory: where the two bills seek to achieve opposite goals and, if both were passed, they would be in conflict. It would be difficult or impossible for them to operate at the same time.
In this case, I would suggest that there is a strong argument to be made that the government bill renders the private member's bill redundant. Though they do it in different ways, both seek to provide navigation protection to the lakes and rivers outlined in the private member's bill. This is not a perfect case of redundancy, since, as I mentioned before, the substance of the bills does not completely overlap, though I would argue that it's very, very close.
My assessment would be that in this situation the criteria allow for a small margin of difference between the two bills. For that reason, I would argue that the degree of overlap here is so substantial that the criterion of non-votability applies.
I realize that this was quite dense. I'm happy to take questions.
I believe this is absolutely clear. I agree with your analysis that this is not necessarily the best step forward for him. I think we are happy to have this voted non-votable so that he can move forward with some other bills that he already has.