Appendix 10 General Election Results Since 1867

Members are elected to the House of Commons under different political affiliations. The nature of these political affiliations has varied with time, and several different affiliations have been represented in the House. A majority government is formed with the support of the majority of Members, most often when the same political party holds the majority of seats or when the majority of Members share a similar political affiliation. Most governments since 1867 have been majority governments. However, the general elections of 1921, 1925, 1957, 1962, 1963, 1965, 1972, 1979, 2004, 2006 and 2008 resulted in a government formed with the support of a minority of Members. The government was therefore a minority government.

Parliament Date of Election Total Number of Seats1 Government Results by Number of Seats by Political Affiliation2
1st
07-08-1867
to
20-09-18673
1814
Conservative majority5

Conservative71

Liberal-Conservative29

Liberal62

Anti-Confederation18

2nd
20-07-1872
to
12-10-1872
200
Conservative majority6

Conservative64

Liberal-Conservative36

Liberal93

Independent2

Independent Conservative2

Independent Liberal2

Liberal (Reformer)1

3rd
22-01-1874
206
Liberal majority

Liberal130

Conservative38

Liberal-Conservative25

Independent Liberal5

Independent4

Independent Conservative3

Liberal (Reformer)1

4th
17-09-1878
206
Conservative majority

Conservative84

Liberal-Conservative51

Liberal62

Independent5

Independent Conservative2

Independent Liberal1

Nationalist1

5th
20-06-1882
211
Conservative majority

Conservative93

Liberal-Conservative41

Liberal72

Independent Liberal2

Independent1

Independent Conservative1

Nationalist1

6th
22-02-1887
215
Conservative
majority

Conservative 95

Liberal-Conservative 30

Liberal 78

Independent Liberal 5

Independent Conservative 3

Nationalist 2

Independent 1

Nationalist Conservative 1

7th
05-03-1891
215
Conservative
majority

Conservative 93

Liberal-Conservative 23

Liberal 90

Independent Conservative 4

Independent 2

Independent Liberal 1

Nationalist 1

Nationalist Conservative 1

8th
23-06-1896
213
Liberal
majority

Liberal 117

Conservative 71

Liberal-Conservative 15

Independent Conservative 4

McCarthyite 2

Patrons of Industry 2

Independent 1

Independent Liberal 1

9th
07-11-1900
213
Liberal
majority

Liberal 128

Conservative 69

Liberal-Conservative 10

Independent 3

Independent Conservative 1

Independent Liberal 1

Independent Labour 1

10th
03-11-1904
214
Liberal
majority

Liberal 137

Conservative 70

Liberal-Conservative 5

Independent 1

Independent Conservative 1

11th
26-10-1908
221
Liberal
majority

Liberal 133

Conservative 82

Liberal-Conservative 3

Independent 1

Independent Conservative 1

Labour 1

12th
21-09-19117
221
Conservative
majority

Conservative 131

Liberal-Conservative 1

Liberal 85

Independent Conservative 3

Labour 1

13th
17-12-1917
235
Unionist
majority8

Unionist (Conservative and Liberal) 141

Unionist (Liberal) 11

Laurier Liberal 829

Independent 1

14th
06-12-1921
235
Liberal
minority10

Liberal 118

Progressive 58

Conservative 49

Labour 3

Independent 2

United Farmers of Alberta 2

Independent Conservative 1

Independent Progressive 1

United Farmers of Ontario 1

15th
29-10-1925
245
Liberal
minority11

Conservative 115

Liberal 100

Progressive 22

Independent 2

Labour 2

United Farmers of Alberta 2

Independent Conservative 1

Independent Liberal 1

16th
14-09-1926
245
Liberal
majority12

Liberal 116

Liberal Progressive 8

Conservative 91

Progressive 11

United Farmers of Alberta 11

Labour 4

Independent 2

Independent Liberal 1

United Farmers of Ontario 1

17th
28-07-1930
245
Conservative
majority

Conservative 136

Liberal 88

United Farmers of Alberta 9

Liberal Progressive 3

Progressive 3

Independent 2

Labour 2

Independent Labour 1

Progressive Conservative 1

18th
14-10-1935
245
Liberal
majority

Liberal 173

Conservative 39

Social Credit 17

Co-operative Commonwealth Federation 7

Liberal Progressive 4

Independent 1

Independent Conservative 1

Independent Liberal 1

Reconstruction 1

United Farmers of Ontario-Labour 1

19th
26-03-1940
245
Liberal
majority

Liberal 179

National Government 3413

Conservative 5

Social Credit 9

Co-operative Commonwealth Federation 8

Liberal Progressive 3

Independent Liberal 2

Unity 2

Independent 1

Independent Conservative 1

New Democracy 1

20th
11-06-1945
245
Liberal
majority14

Liberal 118

Independent Liberal 5

Liberal Progressive 1

Progressive Conservative 6615

Co-operative Commonwealth Federation 28

Social Credit 13

Independent 8

Bloc populaire canadien 2

Independent CCF 1

Independent Progressive Conservative 1

Labour Progressive 1

21st
27-06-1949
262
Liberal
majority

Liberal 191

Progressive Conservative 41

Co-operative Commonwealth Federation 13

Social Credit 10

Independent 4

Independent Liberal 1

Liberal Progressive 1

Liberal Labour 1

22nd
10-08-1953
265
Liberal
majority

Liberal 169

Progressive Conservative 51

Co-operative Commonwealth Federation 23

Social Credit 15

Independent 3

Independent Liberal 2

Liberal Progressive 1

Liberal Labour 1

23rd
10-06-1957
265
Progressive Conservative
minority

Progressive Conservative 111

Liberal 104

Social Democracy 2516

Social Credit 19

Independent 2

Independent Liberal 2

Independent Progressive Conservative 1

Liberal Labour 1

24th
31-03-1958
265
Progressive Conservative
majority

Progressive Conservative 208

Liberal 48

Social Democracy 8

Liberal Labour 1

25th
18-06-1962
265
Progressive Conservative
minority

Progressive Conservative 116

Liberal 99

Social Credit 30

New Democratic Party 1917

Liberal Labour 1

26th
08-04-1963
265
Liberal
minority

Liberal 128

Progressive Conservative 95

Social Credit 24

New Democratic Party 17

Liberal Labour 1

27th
08-11-1965
265
Liberal
minority

Liberal 131

Progressive Conservative 97

New Democratic Party 21

Ralliement des créditistes 918

Social Credit 5

Independent 1

Independent Progressive Conservative 1

28th
25-06-1968
264
Liberal
majority

Liberal 154

Progressive Conservative 72

New Democratic Party 22

Ralliement créditiste 1419

Independent 1

Liberal Labour 1

29th
30-10-1972
264
Liberal
minority

Liberal 109

Progressive Conservative 107

New Democratic Party 31

Social Credit 1520

Independent 2

30th
08-07-1974
264
Liberal
majority

Liberal 141

Progressive Conservative 95

New Democratic Party 16

Social Credit 11

Independent 1

31st
22-05-1979
282
Progressive Conservative
minority

Progressive Conservative 136

Liberal 114

New Democratic Party 26

Social Credit 6

32nd
18-02-1980
282
Liberal
majority

Liberal 147

Progressive Conservative 103

New Democratic Party 32

33rd
04-09-1984
282
Progressive Conservative
majority

Progressive Conservative 211

Liberal 40

New Democratic Party 30

Independent 1

34th
21-11-1988
295
Progressive Conservative
majority

Progressive Conservative 169

Liberal 83

New Democratic Party 43

35th
25-10-1993
295
Liberal
majority

Liberal 177

Bloc Québécois 54

Reform Party 52

New Democratic Party 9

Progressive Conservative 2

Independent 1

36th
02-06-1997
301
Liberal
majority

Liberal 155

Reform Party 60

Bloc Québécois 44

New Democratic Party 21

Progressive Conservative 20

Independent 1

37th
27-11-2000
301
Liberal
majority

Liberal 172

Canadian Reform Conservative Alliance 6621

Bloc Québécois 38

New Democratic Party 13

Progressive Conservative 12

38th
28-06-2004
308
Liberal
minority

Liberal 135

Conservative 9922

Bloc Québécois 54

New Democratic Party 19

Independent 1

39th
23-01-2006
308
Conservative
minority

Conservative 124

Liberal 103

Bloc Québécois 51

New Democratic Party 29

Independent 1

40th
14-10-2008
308
Conservative
minority

Conservative 143

Liberal 77

Bloc Québécois 49

New Democratic Party 37

Independent 2

41st
02-05-2011
308
Conservative
majority

Conservative 166

New Democratic Party 103

Liberal 34

Bloc Québécois 4

Green 1

42nd
19-10-2015
338
Liberal
majority

Liberal 184

Conservative 99

New Democratic Party 44

Bloc Québécois 10

Green 1