The Parliament of Canada has the constitutional authority not only to regulate its internal proceedings and establish its rules of procedure but also to enact a large number of procedurally important statutory provisions, many of which are found in the Parliament of Canada Act.
Of procedural significance for the House of Commons are provisions in the Act relating to the following:
the power of the House and its committees to administer oaths to witnesses appearing either at the Bar of the House or before a committee;
procedures to be followed when Members resign or when seats are otherwise vacated;
conflict of interest rules applicable to Members;
a Deputy Speaker’s ability to act in the Speaker’s absence;
the existence and remuneration of parliamentary secretaries;
the remuneration of Members of Parliament;
the existence and management of the Library of Parliament; and
the establishment of the Board of Internal Economy to act on all financial and administrative matters respecting the House.
In addition to the Parliament of Canada Act, there are dozens of other statutes obliging the House to undertake some action or regulating some aspect of its proceedings. These include, for example, the:
Access to Information Act;
Canada Elections Act;
Electoral Boundaries Readjustment Act; and the
Only Parliament as a whole (the Senate, the House of Commons and the Crown) may enact or amend laws that affect House of Commons procedure.