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Results: 1 - 60 of 1518
View Anthony Rota Profile
Lib. (ON)
I call the meeting to order.
First on the agenda we have the minutes of the previous meeting.
Are there any questions or comments on item number one? No.
On item number two, business arising from previous meetings, are there any questions? No.
Item number three concerns the translation bureau and resource utilization for simultaneous interpretation.
Presenting on that topic are Nathalie Laliberté and Matthew Ball.
I'll let you do your presentation, and I'm sure we'll have a few questions once you've finished.
Thank you.
Nathalie Laliberté
View Nathalie Laliberté Profile
Nathalie Laliberté
2022-12-07 16:09
Thank you, Mr. Chair.
As the acting chief executive officer of the translation bureau, I am happy to be here along with Matthew Ball, vice-president of service to Parliament and interpretation.
Please note that the new CEO will be appointed in the coming weeks.
Honourable members of the board, I would like to begin by assuring you that we fully understand how important the availability of quality interpretation is for Parliament to run smoothly, and how the shortage of interpreters not only impedes your meetings but makes it difficult to respect language rights.
The bureau is proud to have been able to provide essential services since the beginning of the pandemic. Our on-site interpreters responded to a 20% increase in demand for interpretation services in the House of Commons despite a 25% reduction in capacity due to a decrease in the number of suppliers.
That said, we're making every effort to cover more events. We're looking at every possible option to address the labour shortage, and we're continuing to take decisive action to ensure that we will have more interpreters available by the beginning of the next parliamentary session.
Given the varying availability and the services they must also provide to the Senate, the Privy Council Office and other clients such as the Public Order Emergency Commission, our complement of approximately 70 staff and 60 freelance interpreters assigned to Parliament concurrently cover 57 House committee meetings per week.
We will know the results of our recent accreditation exam by the holidays and will offer a job or a contract to all successful candidates. We are currently in discussions with procurement and security screening authorities to expedite the onboarding process, so that these new interpreters can begin serving the House as soon as the new session begins on January 30.
In addition, we are working with the House administration to enable interpreters located outside parliamentary facilities to provide interpretation. As this is a new service, there are contractual and operational details to be ironed out, but by the next session, we expect that we'll be able to provide off-site interpretation for two events per day, as requested by the House administration.
While increasing our capacity, we continue to improve occupational health and safety for our interpreters, which remains our priority. Still, the best way to protect interpreters is to ensure that all meeting participants use proper microphones, a precaution that also reduces service interruptions. To this end, we request your co‑operation in making the use of proper microphones mandatory.
Working conditions for interpreters are difficult, as incident reports from the last two years show. The more we improve conditions together, the better interpreters will be able to meet the needs of Parliament by providing the quality interpretation services that you have come to expect, and that you and the Canadian public deserve.
Thank you again for your support, your understanding and your patience.
Thank you, as well, to the interpreters providing today's interpretation services, Claire, Sharon and Tara.
Mr. Ball and I are now available to answer your questions.
View Anthony Rota Profile
Lib. (ON)
Thank you.
Are there questions or comments?
Go ahead, Mrs. DeBellefeuille.
View Claude DeBellefeuille Profile
BQ (QC)
Thank you, Mr. Chair.
Good afternoon, Ms. Laliberté. Welcome to the Board of Internal Economy.
I have a few questions for you.
Can you refresh my memory as to when you sent your last letter to the board? I don't have it in front of me.
Nathalie Laliberté
View Nathalie Laliberté Profile
Nathalie Laliberté
2022-12-07 16:13
The letter was signed on November 30, 2022.
View Claude DeBellefeuille Profile
BQ (QC)
I actually wanted to point out that you didn't date the letter you sent us. I don't know whether that's something you usually do.
You're saying that November 30 was the date of the letter.
Nathalie Laliberté
View Nathalie Laliberté Profile
Nathalie Laliberté
2022-12-07 16:13
We use an electronic signature, so the letter is date-stamped when it's signed. We usually add the date as well, so it was really an oversight in this case. I take full responsibility. It's not standard practice, I assure you.
View Claude DeBellefeuille Profile
BQ (QC)
All right.
My fellow Board of Internal Economy members know what I'm like, and they know me to be a pretty candid person. I must tell you how disappointed I was that it took you as long as it did to reply to the letter we sent the translation bureau in late September. The Board of Internal Economy has been discussing this issue for months and months. The issue is a top priority for us, one that requires urgent attention, so it's hard to understand why it took you so long to reply and, above all, to provide answers.
To this day, the interpretation capacity needed to serve a hybrid Parliament—with more than 57 events per week—is a big question mark, because we don't have a needs analysis. We wanted to understand how you go about your human resource planning, but I, personally, am still not satisfied with your answers.
Now, having heard your opening remarks, I am optimistic that you will be able to shed more light on the issue for us.
According to your written statement, you expect to have enough interpretation capacity to provide services for 59 events, up from 57, by January 30, thanks to new interpreters who will have passed the accreditation exam. Is that correct?
Nathalie Laliberté
View Nathalie Laliberté Profile
Nathalie Laliberté
2022-12-07 16:15
You asked about a number of things.
In terms of how long it took us to reply to the Board's letter, I will say that we took the time to examine the situation carefully and provide adequate answers.
Keep in mind that the translation bureau has a number of priorities. As we speak, our top two priorities are service continuity, so continuing to provide the interpretation and translation services you are entitled to, and, of course, the health and safety of our interpreters.
At the same time, we are working on other initiatives, including increasing the number of new interpreters and carrying out research to enhance interpreter health and safety.
In light of that, we replied to the board's letter as soon as we could.
Sorry, but I forgot the rest of your question.
View Claude DeBellefeuille Profile
BQ (QC)
In your speaking notes, it says that you are confident you will be able to provide services for two additional events per day, as requested by the House of Commons, taking into account the results of the accreditation exam, security checks for the new interpreters and so forth. That's something you commit to. Currently, you provide services for 57 events, and you are pledging that you will have interpretation capacity to cover 59 events as of January 30.
Is that correct?
Nathalie Laliberté
View Nathalie Laliberté Profile
Nathalie Laliberté
2022-12-07 16:17
Our ability to cover two more events is actually thanks to the fact that interpreters outside the parliamentary precinct will be able to provide services.
With respect to the accreditation process, we will have additional resources available to serve Parliament beginning on January 30. We will have the capacity to cover at least 59 events, but we are talking about 57 committees. We will be sharing our service availability with the House and Senate administrations, and they will determine what the priorities are, committee meetings, caucus meetings or whatever else. We will be providing our service availability to you at that time.
View Claude DeBellefeuille Profile
BQ (QC)
I'm not sure I understand.
Are you committing to providing coverage for 59 events thanks to new interpreters? You don't know the results of the exam yet and you don't know whether those new interpreters will choose to work at the House of Commons, committees or elsewhere. You are nevertheless committing to covering two additional events per day. Is that right?
Nathalie Laliberté
View Nathalie Laliberté Profile
Nathalie Laliberté
2022-12-07 16:18
I'd like to clarify something, if I may.
Coverage for the two additional events will be provided by interpreters who already have bureau accreditation but do not currently work at Parliament, because they live outside the national capital region and don't want to travel to Ottawa. Those interpreters are already accredited.
Coverage for the 59 events does not include interpreters whose exams are currently being marked and who are working towards accreditation.
View Claude DeBellefeuille Profile
BQ (QC)
I see. That clears things up a bit.
The Board of Internal Economy asked for a pilot project back in the spring. In your November 30 letter, however, you say this: “Should the House decide to go forward”. I take that to mean you didn't understand the House administration's request and you are just starting to set up the pilot project. We approved the pilot project for off-site interpretation back in May, to allow accredited interpreters to provide services remotely. Your November letter makes it sound as though you are still waiting for the request. There seems to be some confusion. We have been waiting a long time to have off-site interpreters provide coverage for more events.
Why isn't it already in place? We instructed the House administration in the spring to work with the translation bureau to set that up.
Nathalie Laliberté
View Nathalie Laliberté Profile
Nathalie Laliberté
2022-12-07 16:19
We worked with the House administration to set up the pilot. We had to conduct testing.
To your point about the confusion or miscommunication, if I can call it that, I would say that the administration wanted to know how many interpreters we could provide and we were waiting for the administration to tell us how many interpreters it needed. All of that has been clarified.
We put out a call for interest, and we have started to receive responses from interested freelancers. I can confirm that we will be able to meet the House's needs. We were asked to provide coverage for two additional events per day, from Monday to Thursday, once Parliament returns until it rises in June.
View Claude DeBellefeuille Profile
BQ (QC)
That's great.
I have one last question.
When committees meet informally, for example, when we host international delegations, the committee clerks or chairs are often unable to get interpretation coverage, but the meetings usually take place anyways.
With your additional resources—whether off-site interpreters or new interpreters—will you have enough capacity to meet all the needs of the House and committees, including informal meetings?
Besides the two additional events you will be covering, how much extra interpretation capacity do you expect to have? I'm talking about the new interpreters who passed the exam and are in the process of being hired.
Nathalie Laliberté
View Nathalie Laliberté Profile
Nathalie Laliberté
2022-12-07 16:21
To answer your question about how many more interpreters we will have, I would say that we are almost finished marking the accreditation exams. We should be done by the end of next week.
The accreditation exam is a pretty complex test. It's a 30‑minute recording for each candidate, and we have to assess the candidate's fluency and vocabulary, the clarity of the message and other factors.
It's important to manage expectations. A total of 69 candidates took the exam—21 of them are from other countries and eight are already working for the translation bureau as interns. That means 40 new Canadian candidates took the accreditation exam, and those exams have been marked. I wouldn't want to give you any numbers today, because I want to wait until we've finished all the marking and grading. I will say, though, that we will have more interpreters who will be able to provide coverage by the time Parliament resumes.
Successful candidates who obtain their accreditation will be offered a contract and will hopefully want to work for us. As I said in my opening remarks, we are conducting the necessary security checks and following the contracting process, but we are confident that it's going to happen. We are also planning onboarding sessions for new employees, to show them the parliamentary facilities where they will be working.
Basically, those efforts are under way, and we expect to welcome more interpreters. That said, it will be up to the House and Senate administrations to decide on the types of events to which those new interpreters will be assigned.
View Claude DeBellefeuille Profile
BQ (QC)
Excellent. Thank you.
I'll follow up during my next turn, if need be, Mr. Chair.
View Anthony Rota Profile
Lib. (ON)
Go ahead, Mr. Julian.
View Peter Julian Profile
NDP (BC)
Thank you, Mr. Chair.
Thank you, Ms. Laliberté. The work you're doing is extremely important. The dedication and professionalism of the interpreters who work at the House of Commons is quite impressive. Of course, we want to ensure that their health and safety is always protected. We also want to figure out a way to address the lack of interpretation capacity we are currently facing. The fact that interpreters are being overworked is something else we are concerned about.
I want to follow up on the exam candidates. You said that 21 of them were from other countries. Did you seek out those candidates? Did you encourage them to take the exam?
Nathalie Laliberté
View Nathalie Laliberté Profile
Nathalie Laliberté
2022-12-07 16:24
We did a lot of advertising leading up to the accreditation exam, namely through the associations and on social media. The answer to your question is yes, we did seek out the candidates.
Their exams will be marked. We are working with our colleagues in other departments to figure out how we can hire or contract people who are outside the country. As you probably know, it's an arduous process. We have to go through a lot of steps before those successful candidates can come here, so the process won't be done before Parliament resumes. It can take up to a year to hire or contract people who are abroad. That's why we marked the exams of the other candidates first.
View Peter Julian Profile
NDP (BC)
How many of your current interpreters are from other countries?
Nathalie Laliberté
View Nathalie Laliberté Profile
Nathalie Laliberté
2022-12-07 16:25
I'm going to ask Mr. Ball whether he knows the answer.
Matthew Ball
View Matthew Ball Profile
Matthew Ball
2022-12-07 16:25
I couldn't say with any accuracy. I'd have to look at our personnel files to know how many exactly.
Do you mean staff interpreters?
View Peter Julian Profile
NDP (BC)
I assume you have to go through the same process as any other business. If the candidate is successful, you request a labour market impact assessment. Then, an immigration application is duly filed. You have to go through the same steps as any other business or organization dealing with a lack of skilled labour. That's why it takes at least a year before those successful candidates can start working here. Do I have that right?
Matthew Ball
View Matthew Ball Profile
Matthew Ball
2022-12-07 16:26
Yes, it's a complex process. Hiring people who are outside the country is a complex endeavour, and many of the factors are not within the translation bureau's mandate or control. As Ms. Laliberté just said, we are working with other departments, but the fact remains, it's a long and complicated process.
View Peter Julian Profile
NDP (BC)
If I understand correctly, 40 of the candidates do not work for the translation bureau currently but are in Canada, and 33 of them passed the exam.
Nathalie Laliberté
View Nathalie Laliberté Profile
Nathalie Laliberté
2022-12-07 16:27
View Peter Julian Profile
NDP (BC)
Nathalie Laliberté
View Nathalie Laliberté Profile
Nathalie Laliberté
2022-12-07 16:27
I want to be especially careful when it comes to numbers.
I did not say how many candidates had passed the accreditation exam. I'm not in a position to get into those numbers yet.
This is what I said. Of the 69 candidates who took the accreditation exam, eight are already working for the bureau as interns—which means they are in training—and 40 live in Canada. In other words, the maximum number of prospective new Canadian interpreters is 40. However, I did not say how many of those 40 candidates passed the exam.
View Peter Julian Profile
NDP (BC)
So far, 33 of the exams have been marked.
Nathalie Laliberté
View Nathalie Laliberté Profile
Nathalie Laliberté
2022-12-07 16:27
No. The exams of the candidates who live in Canada have been marked. The exams of the interpreters working for the bureau as interns have also been marked. We are in the process of marking the exams of the candidates who live in other countries, and we are almost done, in fact.
View Peter Julian Profile
NDP (BC)
All right. I understand why you're reluctant to give us any numbers, but it would really help with our planning.
Can I assume that the 33 candidates whose exams were marked all passed the exam?
Nathalie Laliberté
View Nathalie Laliberté Profile
Nathalie Laliberté
2022-12-07 16:28
View Peter Julian Profile
NDP (BC)
What percentage of the candidates did not pass the exam?
Nathalie Laliberté
View Nathalie Laliberté Profile
Nathalie Laliberté
2022-12-07 16:28
Right now, I am relying on my team and the panel who are in the process of marking the accreditation exams. By next week, I should be able to say exactly how many candidates were successful.
Currently, we have three pools of candidates. The candidates we already know have passed the exam make up the first pool. The candidates who did poorly on the exam make up the second pool. The candidates in the third pool are the ones who fall in the middle, and we are assessing things to determine where exactly the quality standard should be. We don't want you to call us back next year or the year after to tell us that the interpretation quality isn't where it should be. We need to make sure that the interpreters who obtain their accreditation have all the skills they need to do the job and to provide the service you are entitled to receive.
View Peter Julian Profile
NDP (BC)
Yes, I understand. Thank you very much.
I'm sure you can appreciate, however, that it's a bigger problem if three of the 33 candidates passed the exam than if 25 of the 33 passed it.
Right now, we are aiming to have more interpretation capacity by the end of January, because that's when demand will be much greater. I don't think we understand all the steps in the process at this time. We realize that the evaluation process isn't straightforward and that you then have to deal with the security element. Obviously, the process is quite complicated for a candidate who lives in another country.
You mentioned two additional events per week. How many more interpreters are you evaluating to meet that demand?
Nathalie Laliberté
View Nathalie Laliberté Profile
Nathalie Laliberté
2022-12-07 16:30
As I said, the two additional events will be covered by off-site interpreters. They are already accredited, so the accreditation exam process has no impact whatsoever on service coverage for the two additional events.
How many more events will we be able to cover following the accreditation process? It will be another week or two before we know how many interpreters we're going to have.
The rule of thumb is that, in order to cover a two-hour committee meeting, we need three interpreters. Generally, interpreters provide services for two committee meetings a day, and that of course depends on the length of the committee meeting, caucus meeting or whatever the event may be. In general, though, we need to have three interpreters per committee meeting, and one interpreter can interpret for two committee meetings per day. In order to cover two additional meetings per day, we need three interpreters per meeting.
Once candidates obtain their accreditation, we will try to bring them on board and offer them contracts, but everything will depend on their availability. Will they want to work for us full time, Monday to Friday, or just a few days a week? We'll have to see. That's what we will be working on in the next few weeks.
View Peter Julian Profile
NDP (BC)
I understand all that.
We are nevertheless still in need of answers. We are in the process of figuring out what our options are starting at the end of January, but we still don't know when the interpreters will be available. We need to know what percentage of candidates passed the exam and how long it will be before the new interpreters start working. I look at this, and it's all interesting information, but I'm still in the dark as to how many new interpreters we will have at the end of January.
The sooner we have the information to better estimate how many new interpreters we could have at the end of January, the better it will be. Much of the Board of Internal Economy's attention has been focused on this issue for months. We still have unanswered questions.
Thank you for trying to answer our questions today.
View Anthony Rota Profile
Lib. (ON)
We now go to Mr. MacKinnon.
View Steven MacKinnon Profile
Lib. (QC)
Thank you, Mr. Chair.
Welcome to the translation bureau officials, Ms. Laliberté and Mr. Ball.
I certainly won't rehash all of the good points raised by my fellow members.
At the end of the day, we are trying to meet the needs of the Parliament of Canada, which, admittedly, are growing. Let's face it, the translation bureau has struggled to meet that demand because of working conditions and the current labour shortage. Occupational health and safety is another concern. Those are the reasons why we are in this boat today.
Are you confident that you will be able to meet the Parliament of Canada's ever-growing demand for services? Given the other requirements and demands that the bureau has to contend with, will you have the capacity to meet the growing needs of Parliament?
Nathalie Laliberté
View Nathalie Laliberté Profile
Nathalie Laliberté
2022-12-07 16:33
Yes, we are confident that we will have new interpreters for the end of January. Will we have enough to satisfy all the requirements? Probably not. Canada is suffering from a serious shortage of interpreters. Only two universities offer master's programs in interpretation, so the number of interpretation graduates every year is very small.
That doesn't mean we are giving up. Those who do not pass the accreditation exam will be offered skills training to help them pass the exam. That will happen in the summer. Naturally, when Parliament is sitting, we want our interpreters to be interpreting.
In addition, we may have prospective interpreters among our existing translators. In January, we will be holding an open house to encourage translators to apply to the master's program.
We are still keeping up our efforts to recruit as many interpreters as possible. We will have more interpreters in January, but we'll have to see whether they are enough to meet the demand. It's important to be realistic, given the labour shortage affecting the sector.
View Steven MacKinnon Profile
Lib. (QC)
The initiatives you just mentioned are new recruitment efforts, are they not?
Nathalie Laliberté
View Nathalie Laliberté Profile
Nathalie Laliberté
2022-12-07 16:35
That's correct.
View Steven MacKinnon Profile
Lib. (QC)
You said there were two universities offering master's programs in interpretation. Might other institutions be interested in catering to the need for more trained professionals? Is there enough demand for other universities to follow suit and provide interpretation programs?
Nathalie Laliberté
View Nathalie Laliberté Profile
Nathalie Laliberté
2022-12-07 16:35
That's a great question.
There is actually a group of universities looking into that. They're trying to determine whether Canada needs more programs. Naturally, the professional associations and others are pushing the institutions to develop the next generation and build new interpretation capacity. We'll have to see what happens. We, on our end, engage collaboratively and take part in meetings.
We genuinely hope to have a larger pool of interpreters so that we can serve you better. I think we all want the same thing. The more interpreters we have, the better we can serve you.
View Steven MacKinnon Profile
Lib. (QC)
Without sacrificing quality, of course.
Nathalie Laliberté
View Nathalie Laliberté Profile
Nathalie Laliberté
2022-12-07 16:36
Quality remains our number one requirement.
View Steven MacKinnon Profile
Lib. (QC)
You won't be lowering your quality standards, then.
Nathalie Laliberté
View Nathalie Laliberté Profile
Nathalie Laliberté
2022-12-07 16:36
We won't be lowering our quality standards.
View Steven MacKinnon Profile
Lib. (QC)
Ms. Laliberté, I think what the board is looking for is some reassurance. We want to be sure that you have a plan that you are following to meet the Parliament of Canada's needs as well as your other requirements. We trust you, but know that we are keeping a very close eye on the situation.
In no way, shape or form can the services provided to the Parliament of Canada to ensure the equality of both official languages be compromised. I think it would really reassure the committee if you could say for certain that the translation bureau is paying careful attention to the matter, that the issue is high on the bureau's list of priorities and that the bureau is confident its efforts will be successful.
Nathalie Laliberté
View Nathalie Laliberté Profile
Nathalie Laliberté
2022-12-07 16:37
Yes, we are confident that we will be able to increase our service capacity. As I already pointed out, quality remains one of our most important requirements. We are making every possible effort to cultivate the next generation of interpreters and convince people to enrol in the programs.
I'll give you an example. For this year's accreditation exam, we wanted as many candidates as possible to be successful. Taking an exam is never easy. We worked with York University's Glendon Campus, in Toronto, to deliver two workshops to help candidates prepare for the exam. We hope the workshops helped candidates pass the exam.
We are always looking for ways to grow our capacity so we can serve you effectively.
View Steven MacKinnon Profile
Lib. (QC)
Nathalie Laliberté
View Nathalie Laliberté Profile
Nathalie Laliberté
2022-12-07 16:38
Exactly. I can assure you that this is one of our top priorities.
View Steven MacKinnon Profile
Lib. (QC)
Do you have any comments on off-site interpretation? Is it possible to provide off-site interpretation services without compromising quality?
Nathalie Laliberté
View Nathalie Laliberté Profile
Nathalie Laliberté
2022-12-07 16:38
Off-site interpretation carries risks from a sound quality standpoint. That's why it's imperative that virtual meeting participants use the recommended equipment for those types of meetings, namely a microphone or a headset with the right microphone. That goes a long way towards minimizing service interruptions, and ensuring the health and safety of interpreters.
We work closely with the House administration to create the best possible environment, so things run smoothly both for interpreters and for meeting participants.
View Steven MacKinnon Profile
Lib. (QC)
You are giving us some news today that we can take comfort in, as far as the beginning of next year goes. We are asking you to keep up your efforts. We will be keeping a very close eye on the situation as the year goes on.
Thank you for your efforts.
View Anthony Rota Profile
Lib. (ON)
Go ahead, Mrs. DeBellefeuille.
View Claude DeBellefeuille Profile
BQ (QC)
Thank you, Mr. Chair.
To wrap up, I have two questions for Ms. Laliberté.
The House administration, with the help of all the party whips, has gone to great lengths to educate members on the importance of wearing a headset. I think we've been able to make a difference. Now, most members wear their headsets, as do the witnesses. We use a dashboard to track the situation closely. We are very diligent about how we inform witnesses and members of the importance of wearing their headsets. That is really the key to protecting the health and safety of interpreters.
I recently learned that the same pool of interpreters serves both the House and the Senate. In the course of our study, we found out that the Senate didn't follow the same practices we did, in terms of requiring people to wear headsets and conducting pre-meeting sound checks. We are very diligent on our side. At the beginning of every meeting, we ask the committee chair whether the sound checks have been conducted successfully for all the participants. We don't want witnesses appearing without the proper equipment, because, if they do, it could lead to serious injury for the interpreters.
What sorts of discussions are you having with the Senate administration, so that the Senate follows the same practices as the House, thereby ensuring the health and safety of interpreters?
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