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View Simon-Pierre Savard-Tremblay Profile
BQ (QC)
Thank you, Madam Chair.
Good afternoon. We already met in my office. Thank you for being available to explain the various ins and outs of the agreement.
As you know, the Bloc Québécois has talked a great deal about the aluminum issue. I believe that it's your issue, Mr. Thornell.
Is it true that, after seven years, steel will need to be cast and melted in North America, whereas aluminum won't have the same protection? As we know, Mexico doesn't have anti-dumping legislation, but it's not the same protection. We're talking about aluminum parts, not cast and melted aluminum.
View Rachel Bendayan Profile
Lib. (QC)
View Rachel Bendayan Profile
2020-02-05 16:42
I want to thank Mr. Verheul for joining us.
The new agreement, the CUSMA, is clearly a victory for Canada and Canadian workers. However, I can't help but notice that some of my colleagues on the other side of the House and across the table, as far as this committee is concerned, seem worried about the impact of this agreement on the aluminum sector and on workers in Quebec.
I want you to explain the difference between the past situation and the future situation under the new agreement. In particular, I want to know the impact of the new protections that we discussed. You mentioned that 70% of the protections didn't exist before. I want to know the impact of the protections, but also which negotiations led to this situation.
Thank you.
View Simon-Pierre Savard-Tremblay Profile
BQ (QC)
Thank you, Madam Chair.
We'll talk about another issue, if you don't mind.
Since we were discussing aluminum, we also spoke a bit about supply management.
I'll talk about an entirely different issue, namely, the environment. I know that there's now a separate chapter on the environment.
Does this chapter set climate standards and water and air quality standards? Does it require the agreement to comply with international environmental agreements? Does it establish a system to stop potential environmental violations?
View Simon-Pierre Savard-Tremblay Profile
BQ (QC)
If I may, that's precisely the question that I wanted to ask.
Are these commitments binding or are they only intentions?
View Simon-Pierre Savard-Tremblay Profile
BQ (QC)
I'll try to stay within my allotted time.
I also want to talk about chapter 28 on good regulatory practices, which states that the policies implemented must facilitate trade, growth and investment.
This mechanism seems quite restrictive. The new rules must be made publicly available each year, namely, the rules that will be in force the following year. The authorities must also make publicly available the studies and data that led to the practices in question, and justify the need for them and explain the issue that they wanted to address. A list of alternatives must also be provided. The chapter is 13 pages. However, it seems that we're making the process more cumbersome and shifting public policy toward greater liberalization, in addition to considerably reducing political sovereignty.
Chapter 11 of NAFTA has been eliminated. I want to congratulate you for this. It's a great success and a good thing. However, it seems that the chapter has been replaced by another mechanism that threatens sovereignty and the ability to make decisions in this Parliament.
View Rachel Bendayan Profile
Lib. (QC)
View Rachel Bendayan Profile
2020-02-05 17:28
The first question that my colleague opposite, Mr. Carrie, raised was with respect to amendments.
Should the opposition parties raise proposed amendments to this agreement, would we risk losing some of the hard-fought gains you've described over the course of the last two hours and others?
Can you speak to some of the risks this would entail?
View Richard Hébert Profile
Lib. (QC)
Thank you very much, Mr. Chair.
I thank the witnesses for coming and sharing some very interesting perspectives on this issue.
Under our government, over the past three years, one million new jobs have been created and the unemployment rate has fallen to its lowest level in 40 years. When Mr. Trump came to power, he said that NAFTA was bad and that it had to be completely eliminated. He was even talking, with great vigour, about destroying supply management. However, after very intense negotiations, we succeeded in maintaining supply management. We are one of the only countries in the world that still benefits from this protection for our producers. Not everything is perfect, but at least we have been able to keep a good part of this protection.
I would like to ask a question of Mr. Kingston, who, with his colleague Mr. Wilson, gave a very eloquent speech this morning.
This agreement is about to be signed. We all hope it will be. However, if it were not signed, what impact would this have on jobs, the unemployment rate and wealth creation?
Mr. Kingston, you have the floor.
View Richard Hébert Profile
Lib. (QC)
Thank you.
My next question is for Mr. Wilson.
In recent years, we have signed 14 agreements with 51 countries. This opens up a market of 1.5 billion new customers. Our trade is doing well: daily trade south of the border is close to $2 billion. As for the impact of other agreements, notably the CETA agreement, ocean freight rates have increased by 9% in Montreal over the past year.
In your opinion, will the other agreements that are in the process of being signed or about to be signed have as favourable an effect as CETA, and the one you want to see signed as soon as possible, as do we?
Mr. Wilson, you have the floor.
View Pierre Paul-Hus Profile
CPC (QC)
Thank you, Mr. Chair.
Minister Goodale, we're talking about organizations that are the subject of complaints. There's currently a complaint regarding the funding provided by Canada Summer Jobs to the Islamic Society of North America. It has been acknowledged and documented that the organization provided funding for terrorism purposes.
Has your department or any agency that operates under your department been informed of this issue or involved in the case?
View Pierre Paul-Hus Profile
CPC (QC)
I was putting into practice the basis of the bill, which is the fact that Canadians are filing complaints. It's the same principle.
Let's go back to the commission, Minister Goodale. Is the commission currently experiencing any delays in the handling of complaints? Does it already have an excessive workload? Will adding more powers, duties and functions with regard to the Canada Border Services Agency create even more issues, or is everything fine?
View Pierre Paul-Hus Profile
CPC (QC)
Actually, sir, do you know if there are some delays in the treatment for the RCMP—
View Pierre Paul-Hus Profile
CPC (QC)
Okay.
If a person is removed by the Canada Border Services Agency for any reason, could they file a complaint regarding their forced removal in order to delay their removal?
View Pierre Paul-Hus Profile
CPC (QC)
Have we looked at whether people could use the complaint process to avoid being removed while the commission conducts an investigation?
View Pierre Paul-Hus Profile
CPC (QC)
Who worked on Bill C-98? Was it just Public Safety Canada? Did the RCMP and the Canada Border Services Agency also participate?
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