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View Ed Fast Profile
CPC (BC)
View Ed Fast Profile
2021-05-17 13:32
Then I misheard. I have a question, but I'd love to have the minister here to answer that question.
As you know, the United States has been very reluctant to appoint panellists to the rosters of the World Trade Organization, which has effectively emasculated that organization.
Have we run into the same challenge with NAFTA, and now CUSMA?
View Colin Carrie Profile
CPC (ON)
View Colin Carrie Profile
2021-05-10 12:15
It's a good answer. I sat on the international trade committee, and we just completed the CUSMA, agreement. As we move through this process with the framework of our trade agreements, do you have any thoughts about ensuring Canadians have their rights looked after when we enter into these trade agreements? Do you think CUSMA has sufficient protections in it, basically?
View Colin Carrie Profile
CPC (ON)
View Daniel Blaikie Profile
NDP (MB)
Can I just follow up on that?
Obviously Canada, the United States and Mexico just went through a pretty intensive round of bargaining leading up to CUSMA. There were concerns that would sometimes crop up where Canada and the U.S., or certainly Canadians, would have liked to have a more collaborative relationship with the U.S. on some files, but the U.S. response, or what was perceived to be the U.S. response to Mexico, sometimes complicated those things.
When we talk about a North American act, does that vision include Mexico? In what ways do you think that might complicate some of the supply chain relationships you're talking about between Canadian and U.S. producers, and what might be done about that?
View John Nater Profile
CPC (ON)
View Leona Alleslev Profile
CPC (ON)
Thank you very much.
Thank you to our witnesses. You've given us a lot of information on a very complex issue.
I need to make sure we've understood all of the things you've tried to present to us. If I understand correctly, the landscape since NAFTA, and now CUSMA, has significantly changed. That has, in part, put Canada in a bit of a sticky position.
Professor Dufour, you stated that not having provisions in CUSMA around federal government procurement puts us in a difficult position in getting an exemption to buy America because we can no longer have a preferential, most favoured nation type of approach.
Do I have that right?
View Leona Alleslev Profile
CPC (ON)
Exactly. I'm sorry I'm not speaking French, but the technical vocabulary is more complex. So it's easier for me to speak in English.
When we negotiated CUSMA, the federal government would have known that an executive order for buy American was a possibility once we took out those provisions around federal procurement in CUSMA.
View Randy Hoback Profile
CPC (SK)
I'm sorry, but maybe you got me wrong. I'm not talking about travel. I'm talking about the outreach we did to have a successful conclusion to the USMCA. We had a team Canada approach, but we have an atmosphere now where we can't do that. We just physically can't do that. How do you take that reality and adjust your strategy to something new to reflect what you can or can't do?
I haven't been part of any discussions with regard to a new strategy concerning buy America. I don't think Mr. Masse has. I look at it as.... You just said we have a good friend now in the White House. We don't have Donald Trump; we have our buddy Biden. Buddies don't get you jobs, though; buddies don't create opportunities and buddies aren't relied on in the international context. That's where I'll leave it.
One other question I want to get to before I run out of time—
View Jeremy Patzer Profile
CPC (SK)
Okay.
Partly why I'm wondering about the timelines here is that there appears to be a three-year window within the new CUSMA deal to source about 75% of lithium regionally before tariffs will hit. Are we at risk of missing that window to get that production here in Canada?
View Jeremy Patzer Profile
CPC (SK)
Yes, but will we have those mines, though? Again, the capacity we need is 75% regionally. Are we going to be able to hit that in two or three years, or are we going to be caught up in the regulatory limbo here that's going to cause us to miss that three-year window set out by the CUSMA deal?
View Randy Hoback Profile
CPC (SK)
I'm concerned, because if one state is allowed to do this to Line 5, what's preventing another sector being at the mercy of a state that is doing that to their sector? Let's say that for cattlemen in North Dakota, suddenly North Dakota says, “We don't want Canadian cattle.” Does that mean they can unilaterally do that?
I'm just curious. Under CUSMA, did we put any measures in place to even enhance the 1977 agreement? What are those options you're looking at in regard to ensuring that we do everything we can to protect our interests?
View Jeremy Patzer Profile
CPC (SK)
I have a question in regard to the CUSMA deal. In some of the research I'm doing.... I'll admit I'm not an expert on the deal per se either, but I want to ask this anyway: “indicates that “lithium batteries are an 'essential' component for the domestic industry, and determines that countries have a 3-year grace period to ensure that 75% of their lithium is sourced regionally in order to avoid paying tariffs.”
I'm just wondering if anybody has any comments on that, and within that three-year timeline, whether we are positioned to get going so that we can hit that 75% target and not be in a position where we have to pay tariffs.
View Lianne Rood Profile
CPC (ON)
Thank you.
I have one final question, Minister. You announced a program to compensate for the CETA and CPTPP trade agreements, but you have not announced any compensation for the Canada-U.S.-Mexico trade agreement. What's your timeline for announcing CUSMA compensation?
View Richard Lehoux Profile
CPC (QC)
View Richard Lehoux Profile
2020-12-10 17:19
Minister, it would be very relevant for egg and poultry producers to get some news. This would be good news for them before Christmas. Many negotiations have been held. I assume that establishing a program does not correspond with the sending of cheques, which could be done quickly. That was my point of view on this. It would be really good to end the year in this way with producers.
With everything happening in the United States since yesterday concerning dairy products, knowing that all supply management products are targeted in their thought process, do you commit today to protecting them and ensuring that no other concessions are made in the agreement with our American and Mexican neighbours in terms of poultry and eggs?
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