Committee
Consult the user guide
For assistance, please contact us
Consult the user guide
For assistance, please contact us
Add search criteria
Results: 1 - 100 of 4173
View Greg McLean Profile
CPC (AB)
Welcome to meeting number nine of the House of Commons Standing Committee on Natural Resources.
Today we are meeting to discuss the subject matter of main estimates and supplementary estimates, 2020-21.
To ensure an orderly meeting, I would like to outline a few rules to follow.
Members and witnesses may speak in the official language of their choice. Interpretation services are available for this meeting. You have the choice, at the bottom of your screen, of floor, English or French. Before speaking, please wait until I recognize you by name.
If you are on the video conference, please click on the microphone icon to unmute yourself. Those in this room, your microphone will be controlled, as normal, by the proceedings and verification officer.
A reminder that all comments, by members and witnesses, should be addressed through the chair. When you are not speaking, your mike should be on mute.
With regard to a speaking list, the committee clerk and I will do our best to maintain the consolidated order of speakers, whether they are participating virtually or in person.
I would now like to welcome our witnesses, including Minister O'Regan, who will have five minutes for his opening statement before we move to questions and answers.
Welcome, Minister. On behalf of the whole committee, please accept our condolences for your recent loss.
Thank you for being here today.
View Seamus O'Regan Profile
Lib. (NL)
Thank you, Mr. Chair.
I'm getting an echo when I'm speaking. I don't know if you can do anything about that.
View Seamus O'Regan Profile
Lib. (NL)
Thank you, Mr. Chair.
Thank you all for your kindness and understanding regarding my cancellation, I think, three weeks ago.
I am joining you from the Island of Newfoundland, which is the ancestral homeland of the Mi'kmaq and Beothuk.
I know my time here is short and I want to touch on two very important things right off the top.
First, I want to state very clearly that the best thing we can do for all of our natural resource industries is to wear a mask, wash our hands and physically distance when possible. Hope is coming; vaccines are coming, but we have to be vigilant until then.
Second, I want to send a very clear message to every worker, family and business that is relying on the Keystone XL project that our support for this project has been and continues to be unwavering. On their very first call, the Prime Minister discussed Keystone with President-elect Biden. That is the very definition, I would argue, of a priority.
I would add that one of the strongest arguments we can make for Keystone is our record on tackling climate change. Today, my colleague the Minister of Environment announced a historic part of this fight, with 64 new measures and $15 billion in investments to protect our environment, make life more affordable and make our communities more livable. That includes almost a billion dollars for renewable energy and smart grids to enable the clean grid of the future; $2 billion in repayable financing for commercial and large-scale building retrofits; $1.5 billion in a low-emissions fund for hydrogen and renewable natural gas; $3 billion for expediting decarbonization projects for large emitters; incentives for EVs, and a further $300 million to support off-diesel initiatives. This builds on the work that we're already doing.
Canada has a price on pollution. We are phasing out coal-generated electricity and we are legislating accountability for our goal of net-zero emissions by 2050. We are making significant investments to reduce carbon and methane emissions, and build our capacity for renewables. We are investing in new opportunities and innovation such as hydrogen, carbon capture and small modular reactors.
This is the same vision we laid out in the Speech from the Throne this fall and that we have continued to implement with our fall economic statement last month, including another $2.6 billion over seven years for retrofits and jobs to make our homes more energy efficient, and a further $150 million to build more charging stations for electric vehicles.
This is the same vision we laid out in our Speech from the Throne this fall.
We are using natural solutions to fight climate change, with....
Sorry, but I guess in all the technical confusion I have to find my notes. Here we are.
View Seamus O'Regan Profile
Lib. (NL)
Yes, okay.
We are using natural solutions to fight climate change, with $3.2 billion to plant an additional two billion trees over the next 10 years. This is in addition to the $30 million that we sought in the estimates to support COVID-19 safety measures in the forestry sector, a further $22 million this year to combat mountain pine beetle infestations and $12 million to fight the spruce budworm in Quebec. Our forestry sector is a crucial part of our economy and our fight against climate change.
All of this is taking place while we support our resource sectors, and most importantly our workers, in the midst of a global pandemic. We put in place a 75% wage subsidy to protect vulnerable jobs. We announced further support with increased flow-through share flexibility for junior exploration companies. We announced $1.7 billion to clean up inactive and abandoned wells and close to $400 million to upgrade and repair facilities for our offshore in Newfoundland and Labrador.
From the beginning, workers have been at the heart of everything we've done. They will continue to be at the heart of everything we do. Our resource sector is the foundation of Canada's recovery and our net-zero future, and together we have to lay the foundation for its success.
I look forward to the committee's questions.
View Jeremy Patzer Profile
CPC (SK)
Thank you very much, Mr. Chair.
Thank you, Minister, for joining us here today. We're glad to see you at committee for the first time. For the sake of struggling Canadians who are looking for help, I hope you'll stay for as long as it takes to give us some answers, which you committed to doing, so thank you for that.
You offered people public health advice, which they're already getting from chief medical officers. I appreciate that, but what they really need from you is to hear a lot more about a serious full-scale plan to save their jobs and meet their needs by supporting Canada's energy sector.
In your comments, you said one phone call between the Prime Minister and President-elect Biden was the definition of a priority. It's been over a month since the Prime Minister made one call about Keystone XL. Is that the last time you took any action to save the project?
View Seamus O'Regan Profile
Lib. (NL)
No. Alberta's energy minister Sonya Savage; James Rajotte, who's the Alberta envoy in Washington, D.C.; and I have been discussing weekly how we'll make the case for Keystone, how we'll make the case for Canada's energy sector in Washington and how we'll position Canada with an incoming administration that looks to be the most sweeping environmentalist administration the United States has ever seen. It is crucially important to our energy sector that we get this right.
On Tuesday, Mr. Rajotte and I appeared together at a summit that was held by the Canadian embassy in Washington. It had a lot of what we consider to be influencers in perhaps a future administration, but also influential people right now in Washington.
We appeared to make the case for Canada's energy. We made the case that Alberta, Saskatchewan and Newfoundland and Labrador, our oil-producing provinces, are the tops in the world at ESG; that we are lowering emissions considerably; that we have put a price on pollution; and that we should be the preferred partner and supplier of oil and natural gas to the United States. We have taken a team Canada approach in much the same way as we did with NAFTA. We are doing it together.
View Jeremy Patzer Profile
CPC (SK)
Thank you very much, Minister.
Part of your team Canada approach, I'm hoping, then, would be to ensure that Keystone XL gets built. First nations groups are reaching out. I'm sure you're well aware of the Natural Law Energy group, which is five different first nations, one of which is in my riding. They have an equity stake now in Keystone XL, so it's extremely important to them. For the sake of them, I really hope you will do everything in your power to ensure that this project is completed.
I want to move along here. Do you know how many jobs have been lost in the Canadian energy sector in the last five years?
View Seamus O'Regan Profile
Lib. (NL)
It's been considerable. I would say that one of the things we did, particularly with the $1.7 billion we put forward on orphan and inactive wells, was to make sure we considerably lessened the number of people we would lose. It's not simply about looking after workers, who, as I have said, are our first priority; the other extremely important part, as I have said, is that natural resources and our natural resource sector will be pivotal, central, to the recovery of this country. We can't afford to lose talented people. We can't afford to lose experienced people in the field or in the corporate offices of our energy companies in Calgary or Edmonton or St. John's. We don't want to lose these people. Keeping people in place is vitally important.
That was a huge priority for us with both the wage subsidy and the $1.7 billion we put forward on orphan and inactive wells.
View Jeremy Patzer Profile
CPC (SK)
I'm sure you're aware, then, that Evraz in Regina just laid off 600 workers because there is no work. There is no demand for Canadian steel. We've seen LNG projects being prioritized with Chinese steel, not Canadian steel. That's a huge problem.
As I look line by line at the supplementary numbers here, I'm wondering if there is any funding through your department to help combat misinformation campaigns and campaigns against Canadian resource industries.
View Seamus O'Regan Profile
Lib. (NL)
We have taken an initiative with the Alberta government to make sure we are prominent in Washington, D.C., right now. I'll be honest; that's the audience that concerns me the most. I want to make sure our story gets told, and gets told well. I can tell you, and Mr. Rajotte and I think Minister Savage would say the same, that the Canadian embassy in Washington and Ambassador Hillman are completely engaged on this. They understand the importance of it and have been working Washington, together with Mr. Rajotte, considerably. They have been working together hand in glove.
We have been making sure that our story is being told by the people who will make decisions on Capitol Hill and in an incoming administration that has clearly made the environment and combatting climate change a priority. I read a lot into the fact that John Kerry, former presidential candidate, is now—
View Jeremy Patzer Profile
CPC (SK)
Really quickly, Minister, on the $159 million for responsible and renewable resource development, you briefly mention carbon capturing in your notes. I'm just wondering how much of a priority carbon capture and storage is and how much of that $159 million will go toward technologies like carbon capture, which globally need to be part of the solution when reducing emissions.
View Seamus O'Regan Profile
Lib. (NL)
There's no question that carbon capture will figure very prominently. When I speak with Minister Savage, it's at the top of the list. We see an incredible amount of potential.
At the end of the day, the most important thing is lowering emissions. Regardless of the industry or where you are in the country, it is about lowering emissions. Carbon capture allows us the opportunity to make sure those emissions are offset. The important thing, when we talk about net zero, is the word “net”. It means “net” zero emissions. That means carbon capture can play a part in capturing those emissions.
We think there's an incredible opportunity there for it. We also think there's an incredible opportunity for carbon capture with hydrogen.
View Bryan May Profile
Lib. (ON)
View Bryan May Profile
2020-12-11 13:40
Thank you, Mr. Chair.
Thank you, Minister, for being with us today and for your continued patience. It wouldn't be 2020 if the technical gremlins didn't beat us up right until the bitter end.
Before I ask my question, I want to thank all the technical folks in the room for fixing this as quickly as they did.
View Bryan May Profile
Lib. (ON)
View Bryan May Profile
2020-12-11 13:40
Just quickly, because I am sharing my time with MP Sidhu, we know that the decarbonization of industrial processes is a key component in getting Canada to meet its net-zero target. Decarbonization can also present a major economic opportunity with the ability to deploy innovative technologies and non-conventional methods to continue to produce the energy and products we need but in a lower-emitting fashion.
Minister, can you share with us some of the work NRCan is doing in this space? Are there any particular projects that you are excited about?
View Seamus O'Regan Profile
Lib. (NL)
We're working hard to make sure our traditional industries are more sustainable than ever. We need to make sure that we're adopting new technologies and new methods to help get us there, like carbon capture. We announced $3 billion for a net-zero accelerator fund to scale up clean technologies, and that's building off other investments we've made.
There was $750 million towards a methane reduction fund. There is incredible potential for new technologies like small modular reactors, SMRs. Canada's a tier-one nation for nuclear with a sector that contributes $17 billion to the economy every year. It employs 76,000 Canadians. I think SMRs could hold incredible potential to help us with electrifying more remote industrial areas that are not connected to the grid and lowering their emissions. We're working with over 100 partners from right across the country to develop our action plan on SMRs and to really seize this opportunity globally. I'm impatient to be releasing that. It will be very soon. It will emphasize that Canada is seizing this SMR opportunity and that it is very well positioned to develop this technology globally.
View Bryan May Profile
Lib. (ON)
View Bryan May Profile
2020-12-11 13:42
Thank you, Minister. I know that there are companies in my riding like BWXT and ATS that will be very pleased to hear that answer.
I'll share the rest of my time with MP Sidhu, Mr. Chair.
View Maninder Sidhu Profile
Lib. (ON)
Thank you.
Thank you to the minister for being here. Thank you to the technical staff for sorting that out before this meeting ends. I wish everyone happy holidays.
I want to turn to the way we get ourselves around, cars or more forward-looking electric vehicles. Advocating for cleaner transport solutions and infrastructure for the residents of Brampton is important, not only for me, but for my children and future generations. I know the federal government is working hard to provide Canadians with more options and cleaner choices for their transportation needs.
The transportation sector accounts for one quarter of Canada's greenhouse gases, which is why it's important for Canada to set ambitious targets. It's just as important that we continue to invest in EV charging station infrastructure. Here in the Region of Peel, the federal government is investing in 43 new electric vehicle charging stations, and many of my constituents in Brampton East are very excited to use these chargers.
I see in the mains that there are two EV programs, the electric vehicle and alternative fuel infrastructure program and the zero emissions vehicle infrastructure program.
Minister, how will these programs help make charging infrastructure more accessible for Canadians?
View Seamus O'Regan Profile
Lib. (NL)
The fall economic statement pledged $150 million for expanding that network coast to coast, and that's building on more than $300 million that's been committed to create that network of fast chargers for electric vehicles as well as street charging, charging in the Parliament buildings, retail businesses and in other workplaces.
Over 380 fast chargers are already open to the public. There are many more under construction. I think this network is essential for Canada to achieve its targets of zero-emission vehicles. I think 100% of all vehicle sales by 2040.... That's what we're aiming for, and our government is making zero-emission vehicles more affordable by providing incentives for Canadians to purchase the vehicles and a tax allowance when these vehicles are purchased for business use. We're seeing them used now in the mining industry. This is how we get to net zero by 2050.
View Maninder Sidhu Profile
Lib. (ON)
Minister, thank you for that answer. It's very important. We want to make sure that Canadians have that option should they choose to invest in an EV. Across the country we want to make sure that communities are connected.
Minister, I know a lot of these programs are in partnership with the cities, municipalities or regional conservation authorities such as it is here in Peel. How's the uptake with our regional partners or at the municipal level?
View Seamus O'Regan Profile
Lib. (NL)
At the municipal level and at the provincial level we've seen a great deal of enthusiasm. I don't think that's a surprise to you. I think most MPs of all stripes in the House of Commons have commented to me that these are things that are very popular with their constituents.
I think that we have some way to go, because we've got to get the word out on range anxiety primarily. This is a big country. For a lot of us in our constituencies, communities are far apart, and the idea of running out of juice is an anxiety for Canadians. We have to give them the assurance that's not going to happen. Fast chargers are a great way to do it, because people, if they're on the road and they've got a long trip, don't want to spend an hour to two hours of it sitting by a charger. Fast chargers are essential too in terms of time. These ways we get buy-in from people to buy EVs.
View Mario Simard Profile
BQ (QC)
View Mario Simard Profile
2020-12-11 13:46
Thank you, Mr. Chair.
I'd like to take a moment, Mr. O'Regan, to offer my condolences on your father's passing.
What amazes me about your presentation is your attempt to marry two concepts that don't go together. On the one hand, you talk about clean technologies and carbon reduction, and on the other, you say that economic recovery will come through natural resources. The most important part of your speech was specifically about hydrocarbons.
I don't know if you are aware of this, but for the past few weeks, we have been studying the potential of the forest industry as likely the most promising natural resource sector to combat climate change.
I will give you a very simple example. I got some numbers, and I chose a four-year reference period. From 2017 to 2020, Canada will have invested $24 billion to support the oil and gas sector. Of that $24 billion, $17 billion went to buying a pipeline.
If I look at the forest industry over the same period, Canada will have invested $952 million. When I break down that $952 million, I see that 75% of that is loans. In my opinion, that means no effort is being made to support the forest industry. Thanks to a number of witnesses, we've seen all the potential of the bioindustry and the use of biomass. I see no plans along those lines. I see no intentions along those lines in the government's recovery plan.
Can you reassure me? I'd like to know where you stand on support for the forest industry.
View Seamus O'Regan Profile
Lib. (NL)
Okay.
Quebec's forest sector stakeholders will receive significant support this week. They will receive $12 million to combat spruce budworm infestations in Quebec. We recently launched a call for proposals under the investments in forest industry transformation program, or IFIT, and as a result, we received 70 submissions from across Canada representing more than $2.3 billion in potential investments.
Since 2015, the IFIT program has funded 15 different innovative projects throughout the Quebec industry: for example, the Uniboard particleboard plant in Val-d'Or received $4.9 million to install a new dryer and improve the production line; we have supported the Resolute Forest Products plant; and we want to invest in producing biomaterials from diversified sources and in manufacturing cellulose filaments—
View Mario Simard Profile
BQ (QC)
View Mario Simard Profile
2020-12-11 13:50
Yes.
I've gone through all of that, Mr. O'Regan. I have all those items in front of me. What bothers me is that it's a drop in the bucket. The investments you're making to support the forest industry are a drop in the bucket compared to what you're doing for the oil industry. Clearly, you have a double standard. The transition that the forest industry went through with the decline of the pulp and paper business is what I believe the oil and gas industry is going through right now.
Unfortunately, when that transition was taking place, the federal government offered no support. I don't understand your persistence, if you are being serious. I think of Bill C-12 that you tabled, on transparency and accountability and achieving carbon neutrality. I don't know why you're so focused on supporting the oil industry when the forest industry could lead you in another direction.
Worse, I hear rumours that you will probably have a grey hydrogen strategy. Making one tonne of hydrogen from hydrocarbons is like sending 10 tonnes of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. You can do the same thing using biomass and electrical energy without producing as much greenhouse gas.
I don't understand this strategy. Obviously, you can't marry the two. Either you're not serious about your environmental commitments or you have an idyllic vision of what the oil and gas industry can do.
View Seamus O'Regan Profile
Lib. (NL)
Mario, for technical reasons and because you asked a very straightforward question, I want to give you a straightforward answer. So pardon my English on this.
I think I have an extraordinarily realistic view. I pride myself on that, actually. I think the people who grow up on a rock in the middle of the Atlantic, or grow up as I have in the north, in Labrador, have no choice but to have a very realistic view of the world.
We are the fourth-biggest producer of oil in the world. We are the fourth-biggest producer of natural gas in the world. We have found a way to figure out how to get oil out of sand. That is a remarkable thing. What I have said time and again is that we need that same ingenuity, which has made us the fourth-biggest producer of oil in the world, to lower our emissions. That has now become a crucial thing. Not only [Technical difficulty—Editor] during the pandemic, but also because we have an incoming administration in the United States that is also the number one customer of our number one export. It is changing its priorities. It is changing the [Technical difficulty—Editor] of what we produce and how we produce it. This is essential stuff.
Having said that, Natural Resources is a big department. That is not to take away anything from our forestry sector. I don't disagree with any of your points, frankly, on how important forestry will be in our recovery, how important it will be in a net-zero economy. I am proud of the expertise within my department that has demonstrated time and again, in working with provinces, some incredibly innovative things that we can be doing with provinces on forestry, with the companies on forestry, and increasingly with indigenous peoples on forestry.
It is not a zero-sum game. I cannot take away from the importance of oil and gas as well.
View Richard Cannings Profile
NDP (BC)
Thank you again, Minister, for being here with us today, I assume from Newfoundland, the home of my ancestors. It's good to see you on the Rock.
I'm going to start again with the oil and gas sector. We just had the Canada Energy Regulator, CER, put out a report a couple of weeks ago on “Canada's Energy Future 2020”. The authors included what they call the “evolving scenario”, which is assuming some action towards the fight against climate change. That evolving scenario wasn't going to get us to net zero. At least there was a recognition by the CER that that's the kind of thing we're going to be doing.
Under that scenario, they showed the difference between our ability to...the pipeline supply we had, the pipeline volume and what we would be exporting. What is showed was that we have three expansion pipelines in various stages of building right now. We've been talking about Keystone XL; there's Trans Mountain expansion and there's Line 3 expansion. All these pipelines exist right now, but they're going to be greatly enlarged to take expanded production from the oil sands.
What this scenario from the CER report showed was that we will only need one of those expanded pipelines to handle the expanded production from the oil sands. In fact, if we wanted to get to net zero, we might not need any of them.
I'm just wondering what the department has projected would be in those pipelines. Are we going to have three pipelines with only one-third capacity being used? Are we going to have one that's being used and the other two won't be needed?
I'm just wondering what your plans are for that future, because that's where we're headed. It seems like I keep getting very conflicting statements from this government about the importance of fighting climate change and the doubling down on the fossil fuel industry.
View Seamus O'Regan Profile
Lib. (NL)
I would say, Mr. Cannings, it's not so much a doubling down on the fossil fuel industry as an appreciation of its importance and also the importance of lowering emissions. This is not only because lowering emissions is the right and proper thing to do, but also because it will put us at a significant competitive advantage.
On pipelines, particularly in the PBO report, there are a lot of factors that go into determining whether a pipeline is necessary: contractual support, shipper choice, the nature of markets that will receive the products that we deliver by the pipeline. The PBO report notes that the profitability depends on a lot of factors such as whether or not there's a delay.
Ian Anderson of TMX has confirmed that the project is on time and it's on budget. He said that just recently. Even as Canada continues to tackle that more aggressive climate action, the world is not going to stop using oil overnight. I know that from the many international energy agency meetings that I attend.
View Richard Cannings Profile
NDP (BC)
I'll just jump in here and say that I agree that the world is not going to stop using oil. It's just not going to need any more oil, according to this report from the Canada Energy Regulator, which has not historically been biased against the oil and gas industry—quite the opposite.
In a world where we see Total writing down $8 billion of investments in the oil sands, Imperial writing down $1 billion and other countries around the world.... This flight of investment from the oil and gas sector is not limited to Canada. It's happening all over the world. It's happening in the United States. It's happening because people are looking at that future.
Again, yes, we'll be using oil—and I have great respect for the industry and for the people who work in it—but what oil will be in those pipelines? Right now, they're full, but all the projections show very little expansion happening in the next 30 years. In fact, the evolving scenario shows a drop of need over the next 30 years.
View Seamus O'Regan Profile
Lib. (NL)
First of all, Mr. Cannings, I would say that there are a lot of reports, and many of them are conflicting. This is an incredible time of flux, I would argue, for the energy market all over the world.
It is never a bad thing—and I'm thinking particularly of TMX—to make sure that we diversify our customer base. With most of our energy exports going to the United States, particularly for Alberta and Saskatchewan, we need to open up more international markets. For TMX, 13 shippers have made approximately 15- to 20-year commitments, accounting for about 80% of the capacity on the expanded TMX, so the demand is there. It has been contracted out. TMX is meant to get our oil to markets, and in exchange, we get a higher price for the same resource.
We intend, as we have said, to sell it back to the private sector and to put those funds towards a green future. What we're witnessing right now is an energy sector in a tremendous state of flux. Therefore, we have to be very nimble in order to look after our workers and our economy while at the same time showing that we can lead on lowering emissions. I know, at first blush, that it seems like these are very contradictory things, and I would make the argument—and I'm sure I'll make it again during this committee—that they are not. It is essential that we get that balance right.
View Rachael Harder Profile
CPC (AB)
Minister, thank you for taking the time to be with us here today.
Minister, I'm just wondering if being a construction worker is a good middle-class job.
View Rachael Harder Profile
CPC (AB)
View Rachael Harder Profile
CPC (AB)
Excellent.
Minister, I've outlined just a few of the tens of thousands of jobs that are provided within the oil and gas sector, that are provided within the development of our energy sector.
In the mandate letter that the Prime Minister wrote to you, he said that it is your responsibility as the minister to “create good middle class jobs”.
Can you tell me if you are doing everything in your power—and it's a simple yes or no—to “create good middle class jobs” in the energy sector?
View Rachael Harder Profile
CPC (AB)
When I look at the work that you folks are doing in terms of actually shutting down the energy sector, imposing a carbon tax, imposing a clean fuel standard, I would argue otherwise. Actually, to your own admission, you said that the job loss that we've seen over the last number of months, even the last few years, is, to quote you, “considerable”, which means that it would appear that you're not doing everything in your power to protect these good, middle-class jobs and to create new ones, which is exactly what your mandate letter says that you're supposed to be doing.
Are there tangible steps that you've taken within the last few months in your role as the minister to make sure that Keystone XL gets into the ground—other than your initial phone call?
View Seamus O'Regan Profile
Lib. (NL)
Well, I would take a second, as you referred to my mandate letter, to talk about our record.
With regard to TMX, we got it approved; we'll get it built. That's 7,000 jobs created so far. The Line 3 pipeline—
View Rachael Harder Profile
CPC (AB)
Minister, I'm just asking for tangible things you've done—
View Seamus O'Regan Profile
Lib. (NL)
We got TMX approved. We'll get it built. It's 7,000 jobs. Line 3 pipeline—we approved it. It's 7,000 jobs. Our support for Keystone XL is unwavering. It's 1,500 jobs created so far. We approved NOVA Gas 2021. That's thousands of jobs to be created. LNG Canada—we are building it. That's thousands of jobs. Orphan and inactive wells are $1.7 billion and thousands of jobs to be created. With the wage subsidy, more than 500,000 workers were kept in their jobs in a pandemic in Alberta alone.
That's our record.
View Rachael Harder Profile
CPC (AB)
Minister, a subsidy is not a job. In your opening comments, you said that, most importantly, we must support our workers.
If you want to support workers, you have to create jobs. If you want to create jobs, you have to allow energy projects to go forward.
View Rachael Harder Profile
CPC (AB)
Under the current government, that has not happened.
Minister, the floor is still mine. Thank you.
This phrase “to create good middle-class jobs” is interesting to me. What is insinuated is that the opposite exists and that somehow there are bad middle-class jobs. Can you give me an example of a bad middle-class job?
View Seamus O'Regan Profile
Lib. (NL)
Mr. Chair, I don't think the member heard me when I cited the jobs that we have created by doing things that the government previous to us was unable to do.
We got TMX approved. We'll get it built. We approved the Line 3 pipeline. Our support for Keystone XL is unwavering. We approved NOVA Gas. We are building LNG. Orphan and inactive wells.... These are big jobs. They are important jobs. They are good middle-class jobs.
We're getting it done, Mr. Chair.
View Rachael Harder Profile
CPC (AB)
It's interesting to me, again, that your government feels the need to distinguish between a good middle-class job and a not so good middle-class job.
It's so ignorant to classify jobs as if there are good jobs and bad jobs. It's up the Prime Minister and, I guess, you under your mandate letter to determine which is which. It's rich.
In Atlantic Canada, the Liberal energy ministers in Newfoundland and Nova Scotia sent you a joint letter with regard to the clean fuel standard, talking about the damage this is going to cause their economy and the impact it is going to have on Atlantic Canada. Have you responded to that letter?
View Seamus O'Regan Profile
Lib. (NL)
First of all, I would just like to address the fact that somehow or another I am distinguishing between good and not good middle-class jobs. That's certainly not how I would distinguish it at all.
I would remind the member, Mr. Chair, that I live in an oil and gas-producing jurisdiction. In fact, the province of Newfoundland and Labrador relies more on the royalties from oil and gas than Alberta does. This is a priority for my neighbours, my family and my friends—
View Rachael Harder Profile
CPC (AB)
View Patrick Weiler Profile
Lib. (BC)
Thank you, Mr. Chair.
Good afternoon, Minister. Thank you for joining our committee today.
There are so many important measures in the announcement from today in “A healthy environment and a healthy economy” that I would like to look at in more detail in this committee.
Today, the matter at hand is the supplementary estimates and the important work that's being done to support our natural resources sector, as well as the work we're doing to support the economy that we're moving towards.
With that in mind, clean technology is an emerging sector and an area of opportunity for Canada. It's estimated that it is a $2.6-trillion economic sector globally, right now. Of course, it features very prominently in our announcement from today, as it should.
We need more firms that are active in clean technology to ensure that we have a wealth of technologies that will help us reach our net-zero targets. I know, because I have many in my riding. They are global leaders in direct air capture, carbon engineering and in green building technology, like Nexii Building Solutions. They have very innovative tools to get us there.
I see in the main estimates that we have set aside nearly $50 million for clean technology challenges. What are these challenges? What potential comes out of funding challenges like these?
View Seamus O'Regan Profile
Lib. (NL)
The Impact Canada challenges are great examples of using innovation that you find in the marketplace to find those solutions. You've got the Sky's the Limit Challenge, trying to find less-emitting jet fuels, which is hugely important. The Women in Cleantech Challenge is financing some great research from six women innovators to lower emissions in industrial activities. The Charging the Future Challenge on EVs, the Indigenous Off-diesel Initiative for remote indigenous communities, the Crush It! Challenge in reducing energy use in emissions, grinding minerals in mining, and the Power Forward Challenge, which is in partnership with the U.K. to design better power grids.
Yes, they're a bit of fun, but they're also incredibly important to focus our energy and our talent. We want Canada to be a world leader, I would like to be ambitious and say the world leader in clean innovation. We promised to cut the corporate tax rate in half for companies in this space. We're also looking to transform how we provide energy in a low-carbon economy in our communities by shifting to clean power. We're supporting manufacturing and the natural gas and energy sector.
I remember standing at Globe, the biggest clean tech conference in North America. I'm sure Patrick, as a member, has attended Globe in Vancouver. You were reminded when you went there as well. Back to the other member's point about how you balance all these things; 70% to 80% of clean tech in this country is funded by oil and gas. We're talking about a billion dollars a year. We can't get to net zero without the oil and gas industry, in the same way in the inverse the oil and gas industry needs net zero to continue to grow and prosper. That's two sides of the same coin.
This is not easy stuff and it doesn't make for a bumper sticker.
But when you are an energy country like we are, you have got to get it right. You absolutely have to. The world is watching us on this. And clean tech, given the fact that we have the most educated populace in the OECD, and given how vibrant our tech sector is in this country from coast to coast to coast, I think you'll see in smaller jurisdictions in cities like mine where Verafin has one of the biggest tech acquisitions in Canadian history, you are going to see tech in this country, and clean tech particularly, just blossom and grow.
As a government, we need to make sure we maximize that. Those are energy jobs, natural resource jobs. It's these sorts of things that will continue to keep Canada an energy superpower.
View Patrick Weiler Profile
Lib. (BC)
Thank you, Minister.
That leads to my next question, because in your opening remarks you made an interesting note, that to get to net zero we need our resource sector, particularly oil and gas. It would be a massive understatement to say that the investment climate is starting to pay more attention to climate action.
In the supplementary (B)s, you are seeking $160 million for the new emissions reduction fund.
I was hoping you could share why this fund is so critical to the oil and gas sector, how it will lead to longer-term economic benefits for the sector by making us more competitive as the world continues to move to take more ambitious climate action.
View Seamus O'Regan Profile
Lib. (NL)
I will expand on that story I was telling you earlier.
It was interesting being at Globe and taking the position in front of the clean-tech sector that the only way we would reach net zero is with Alberta, Saskatchewan and Newfoundland and Labrador. We cannot reach you without the oil and gas sector in this country. It's too big and too important.
View Seamus O'Regan Profile
Lib. (NL)
It is the driver in this country for our economy.
Very quickly, understanding that, making sure that we make investments in the oil and gas sector to lower emissions is absolutely essential to the economic competitiveness of Canada.
View Mario Simard Profile
BQ (QC)
View Mario Simard Profile
2020-12-11 14:11
Thank you very much, Mr. Chair.
I know you are in somewhat of an awkward position, Mr. O'Regan, since my criticism of you may be a long way from that of my Conservative colleagues. I'm sure you don't want to shut down the energy sector, although I will be critical of you in that regard, because I feel you may be supporting it a little too much.
I wanted to come back to the hydrogen issue. We know that you intend to announce a plan for hydrogen. I wanted to know when you plan to announce it.
Will a significant share be for green hydrogen, that is, hydrogen made from hydroelectricity or from biomass?
View Seamus O'Regan Profile
Lib. (NL)
Thank you, Mr. Simard.
When it comes to hydrogen, we are impatient. I've said that I want to have it out by the end of the year, so I will stay firm on that. We think there's incredible potential for hydrogen. Hydrogen plays well right across the country. Different parts of the country have different assets that can be used in a national hydrogen strategy. I'm not going to scoop myself, but these are things that are fairly evident.
In Alberta, Saskatchewan and Newfoundland and Labrador, you have incredible natural gas resources. You have incredible hydroelectric resources in Manitoba, British Columbia and Quebec. All of these can be used, whether it be for blue hydrogen or whether it be for green hydrogen. Green hydrogen, as it is right now, which hydroelectricity in Quebec would be perfectly suited to, is more expensive right now to produce, but part of that strategy will be looking at ways to lessen that, because the world is increasingly demanding green hydrogen.
It will be demanding hydrogen, but the premium product will be green hydrogen. We're seeing massive investments in Europe, and it will figure both as a competitor but also as a significant customer for Canadian hydrogen.
I hope that I will have that before you very soon.
View Richard Cannings Profile
NDP (BC)
Thank you, Mr. Chair.
I'm going to move to the topic of retrofits. Obviously, energy efficiency will be needed in a big way if we're going to get to net zero. We simply can't create all the energy that we need for what we will be using without it. I was somewhat happy to see in the fall economic statement, and expanded today in the climate plan that just came out, an announcement around retrofit grants for Canadian homeowners. It basically brings up the Harper-era ecoENERGY retrofit program.
I had a private member's bill in the last Parliament to bring that back, so I can't criticize it from that sense, but in this day and age, 10 years after the Harper government introduced it, we need something bolder. Efficiency Canada had a 2020 budget request for 10 times that amount for energy retrofits in buildings across Canada. That is clearly what we need, not just to get to the energy efficiency that we need, but to create those good middle-class jobs that Ms. Harder was talking about, across the country. Efficiency Canada calculates we could create one million jobs in energy efficiency alone if we just lived up to our pledges in the pan-Canadian framework.
Could you outline if you have that 10-time vision in the near future, because this is nice, but it's only one-tenth of what we need?
View Seamus O'Regan Profile
Lib. (NL)
I have become a convert of energy efficiency, Mr. Cannings, partially through your efforts, but definitely just by the facts.
The International Energy Agency calls energy efficiency the hidden fuel. If we were to get it right, it would allow us to meet about 30% of our Paris accord commitments. What I really like about retrofits, as a guy who grew up in Happy Valley-Goose Bay, Labrador, is that no matter where you live in this country, this program will affect you. It will actually physically affect the home in which you live.
It's not one of these programs that will affect that crowd over there, that province or that region. Growing up, you'd hear about ambitious government programs, perhaps, but they never seemed to affect your community. Retrofits would affect both commercial and residential buildings. They affect the communities, and they affect people living in those communities.
We are going to continue to work on an ambitious program in this space. We're making a significant down payment both in the fall economic statement and in our climate plan. We're going to keep pushing on this because it is effective, and it hits all Canadians.
View Bob Zimmer Profile
CPC (BC)
Thank you, Minister, for coming today. I appreciate that.
Again, our condolences to you especially on losing your dad. My dad means a lot to me and I know how much your dad meant to you.
View Bob Zimmer Profile
CPC (BC)
I want to start off by asking some key questions about the standards for Canada's exploration industry. We've often seen even bus placards in Ottawa that say, “The world needs more Canada.” I guess that's why I'm a little troubled.
I know you've spoken positively about the resource sector here, but I'm really puzzled about why the clean fuel standard, even in articles that are just printed today, mentions refinery shutdowns. Shutdowns are not a new phenomenon in Canada, but this CFS is going to basically cause some of these refineries that we have in our country to shut down.
Why would we make a policy such as that, especially at a time, during COVID, when we're trying to keep every Canadian job we can and even expand those jobs? Why would we be shutting those refineries down at a time such as this?
View Seamus O'Regan Profile
Lib. (NL)
We actually think we will be gaining jobs in the clean fuel standard almost immediately from the farming community, from farmers, but also, importantly, for our future competitiveness. The fact is, talking to people who are on the ground in Washington, we know that one of the biggest and most effective lobbies in Washington is the farmers' lobby. As we understand it, they are lobbying the incoming administration very hard on an American clean fuel standard.
When one of your biggest competitors and biggest customers is starting to head in that direction, when the European Union, South Korea, Japan and so many other countries that we are allied with, both as people who provide us and people who we provide, are heading in that direction, it's simply a matter of, okay, on what terms do we do that? How do we make sure that this is a made-in-Canada solution and how do we remain competitive globally?
That is the direction we're seeing investors going in as well. They're putting their money into jurisdictions that are taking action on this. We think the clean fuel standard is a really important part of that plan to reduce emissions and accelerate the use of clean fuels.
View Bob Zimmer Profile
CPC (BC)
Minister, I appreciate that. Maybe there's a disconnect between you as minister and who our Prime Minister is today. We're seeing quotes about the clean fuel standard. We already heard the announcement this morning of the potential increases in cost to Canadians, where it even adds gaseous fuels into the capture.
In northern B.C., and I'm sure it's the same in Newfoundland, heating is not an option for us in our homes. Therefore, to me, when we see a tax that gets applied to folks just to simply keep warm in the winter, there's something wrong. Plus, not to have a full understanding of the potential positive impacts to the environment by getting our natural gas to places in Asia to reduce their emissions doesn't seem right. Why wouldn't we be promoting the best production standards, the best exploration standards and the best human rights standards in the world, and that's Canada? We should be selling more of our resources, not less.
I'll mention a quote. This is from the same Financial Post article that I mentioned before.
There is a wide range of estimates on how the CFS will affect gasoline and diesel prices, with some estimates as low as 2 cents per litre for fuel all the way up to 15 cents per litre.“If it’s not done right, we’re going to lose existing infrastructure,” Laracque said, adding that could include refinery closures in Canada. “If we’re not doing this right, we miss a huge opportunity for existing infrastructure, which will increase the cost of compliance.”
To me, this goes back to what we were saying. Even the Green Party has said before that we need more refining capacity in Canada. Rather than sending the raw product somewhere else to get refined, we should be doing that here.
Again, why would we be doing something that puts our refining capacity in Canada at risk?
View Seamus O'Regan Profile
Lib. (NL)
Mr. Zimmer, using cleaner fuels in our buildings and our vehicles and industries is one of the best ways we can reduce emissions. It will cut pollution by up to 30 million tonnes by 2030, which is the equivalent of taking seven million cars off the road. It's going to create opportunities for farmers and companies that are going to be producing renewable fuels. It will encourage investments in energy efficiency—
View Bob Zimmer Profile
CPC (BC)
Minister, I appreciate your opinion on this. I think it's awfully shortsighted of the Liberal government, though, when we see our global impact, how much of a positive impact we can have in reduction of emissions in Asia and other places around the world. We're just looking at our small country of 36 million Canadians, and yes, it's significant in terms of our carbon dioxide emissions, but when you see the reductions that we can make by getting natural gas to very highly populated areas across—
View Bob Zimmer Profile
CPC (BC)
Why wouldn't we do that and accelerate that process? I just don't get it. I don't think the government understands that. Why would we be reducing our capacity to reduce emissions around the globe?
That's something I wish you could make our Prime Minister understand, because I don't think he understands it now.
View Seamus O'Regan Profile
Lib. (NL)
To very quickly answer the question, the biggest example would be LNG Canada, the biggest private-sector investment in Canadian history, whereby we will be doing exactly that—making some of the cleanest liquefied natural gas in the world for export to Asia.
We are looking at other projects in British Columbia, particularly given its proximity to Asia. We're also looking at the proximity, here on the east coast here in Newfoundland and Labrador with our natural gas reserves, to the European marketplace. So certainly we have not.... That is something, frankly, that if you look at LNG Canada, you'll see we've been very aggressive on.
View Yvonne Jones Profile
Lib. (NL)
View Yvonne Jones Profile
2020-12-11 14:24
Thank you very much, Minister, for being with us today, and thank you for the great work that you've been doing throughout COVID. Again, like other members of the committee, I want to certainly express my condolences to you and your family in what has been a very difficult time in recent weeks.
My question, obviously, is about the oil and gas industry in Newfoundland and Labrador. I would just note that I speak to you today from your old hometown of Happy Valley-Goose Bay, by the way. Obviously, the oil and gas industry is fundamental to the economic growth of Newfoundland and Labrador. I know you have a tremendous amount of pride in what the industry has accomplished in this province.
Can you update us today on what the response program from the federal government has been to assist so many people in the industry in our province through what has been a very difficult time because of COVID-19?
View Seamus O'Regan Profile
Lib. (NL)
As the member knows, because we talked an awful lot about this with Newfoundland and Labrador MPs, and as I mentioned to our colleague earlier, Newfoundland and Labrador depends more on oil and gas than even Alberta or Saskatchewan does. When we were hit with the two crises, we were hit extremely hard in this province as well and we had to look very carefully at a solution for the offshore.
There are a few things I should make note of that Newfoundland and Labrador's offshore product has going for it. First of all, it's in tidewater, which is why it's traded at Brent prices. As we now know, we've always said it's a sweet light crude, but we didn't really appreciate what that meant. It means these are some of the lowest-emitting barrels of oil in the world. That is a huge competitive advantage in a changing marketplace.
So when Premier Kenney said that he wanted to see the last barrel of oil sold in the world to be Canadian, I agree with him. It means that we have to meet those standards and that each barrel has to be the lowest emitting that we can find, and the market will dictate that.
What we've done in this province, a year and a half ago through the Atlantic Accord, was to have $2.5 million in new money for the province as the principal beneficiary of its offshore. Then since this pandemic, there's been close to $400 million to support workers, to lower emissions and to make the industry here more competitive.
We worked with the province very closely on that, so what they have done is brought together a task force of union leadership, of industry leadership and of government sitting together to determine where they will put the $320 million that we have given on top of $75 million that we gave in order to reduce emissions.
It is a considerable chunk of change, and just earlier we announced $41 million that's going toward the West White Rose Project to keep that in place and to make sure that those workers have good work. It was matched by the private sector.
That's what happens when you listen to people locally on the ground and you listen to those people who know. I am very proud of our offshore oil and gas workers here in this province. The president of ExxonMobil Canada, which is headquartered here in St. John's, said that there is no more hazardous environment that his people operate—his company operates—in in the world than Newfoundland's offshore. It is not easy out there. It takes guts and it takes pride, and we want to stand by these people.
View Maninder Sidhu Profile
Lib. (ON)
MInister, I see throughout the main estimates and the supplementary estimates (B) many items relating to indigenous engagement with items relating to TMX accommodations, measures on capacity building for communities, as well as for consultations on major projects. We have seen what happens when we get indigenous consultation wrong and major projects don't get built.
Can you share your thoughts on the importance of funding for these areas and share some of the work you are doing to ensure that we are meaningfully consulting in the right way on major projects?
View Seamus O'Regan Profile
Lib. (NL)
When I moved to Labrador as a young boy, the first people who I was introduced to were the Innu leadership in Labrador, who had names that would be familiar to Ms. Jones, Bart Jack, Ben Michel, Daniel Ashini, who were the leadership at the time and good guys. It is something that sticks with you, seeing the state of the neighbouring community, the Innu community of Sheshatsiu, compared to where I lived in Happy Valley-Goose Bay, when you're 13 years old that stays with you.
I worked in university and in my academic career studying indigenous participation in natural resource projects, because I saw at a very early age that—
View Seamus O'Regan Profile
Lib. (NL)
—economic development was key. Maybe I'll talk about this a little more later.
All that to say is that this is something that is very close to my heart. I have operated at two different tables in Labrador negotiating and working on impact and benefit agreements and what we have managed to do with TMX is a playbook for how we move in the future.
View Greg McLean Profile
CPC (AB)
We are getting close to the hour.
If I can start, Minister—and I'm usually peppier with my questions—the first thing I'll go to is the Canadian Energy Regulator, because they are asking for an extra $21 million in the supplementary estimates, and yet they came out with a report. Somehow they didn't have the money to produce a report that it is, in my opinion, beyond its own purview at this point in time. Yet, they came through with a report saying there was a limit to where Canadians...but we were still going to grow in oil and gas.
The tough part about that is how do we justify, number one, first of all, $22 million extra for the organization?
Jean-François Tremblay
View Jean-François Tremblay Profile
Jean-François Tremblay
2020-12-11 14:30
Actually, for the CER, if you look at the mains, for example, the funding that is provided is actually lower than last year. There was a bit more in the funding at [Inaudible-Editor] but just to stabilize the organization's operations and improvement, especially now that they will have to take a bigger role in the context of the—
View Greg McLean Profile
CPC (AB)
Secondly, you talked here in your remarks about the United States having the “most sweeping environmentalist administration the United States has ever seen”, with this administration, and yet they have no carbon tax. They have no clean fuel standard. They have a 45Q allowing carbon capture, utilization and storage, natural gas proliferation in production, and oil almost doubled in the last decade.
How do you square it that this is a trade partner we're going to have to be competitive with and yet we layer significant costs into our industry in Canada?
View Seamus O'Regan Profile
Lib. (NL)
Mr. Chair, I would say that they are not in office yet, so the policies that they're espousing and the commitments that this incoming president has made are obviously not enacted. Not to get into the minutiae of it all, but we don't know how things will go in Georgia. There could be a considerable conflict, I think, on this between Congress and the White House, but we're listening to people on the ground.
Again, the governments of Alberta and Canada are working hand-in-glove in D.C. through our embassy and through Mr. Rajotte to get a clear view of where we see things going. I often quote Gretzky, who said, you've got to skate to where the puck is going—
View Greg McLean Profile
CPC (AB)
Yes, so are you saying we're going to stay far ahead of their environmental plans in order to keep our industry up?
Minister, on the clean fuel standard, which it leads to—
View Seamus O'Regan Profile
Lib. (NL)
No, I think what you're describing is the way things are now but not where they could be very soon. That's what we have to anticipate.
View Greg McLean Profile
CPC (AB)
Well, okay, “could be”, but you take a clean fuel standard and what it means. You've met with these same groups that I have in the energy industry and other industries: 90% of them say it will lead to carbon leakage because they're moving their jobs offshore. How do you justify that with a trade partner that we're supposed to be on par with?
View Seamus O'Regan Profile
Lib. (NL)
As I said, we know very well that the farm lobby is hitting this administration and that others are hitting this administration to talk about a clean fuel standard. One thing we would like to be able to do is to be clear-eyed about where the administration is going to align itself, to make sure that we are aligned so that it is a level playing field. We do not want to hinder our companies, either, if this administration looks at us and says, “You could do a lot more.”
One thing I have learned, even during NAFTA-plus, is that the trade representatives from the United States are extremely aggressive. They have been aggressive in going one way. They can quickly turn and go aggressively in another way, demanding a lot more from our governments and from our industry on lowering emissions, and we have to prepare ourselves for that.
View Greg McLean Profile
CPC (AB)
Yes, thank you, Minister.
One thing you talked about here, of course, was the farm lobby; you just came up with it here. The farm lobby in the States is a lobby that lobbies for its own economic benefit, like so many of the industries that lobby the governments in Canada and the U.S. Now obviously, that lobbying is happening in Canada, too.
Biofuels in particular is about the only group you and I have met with, probably jointly, that says, “Yes, long term we might bring jobs back to Canada, but we're a net importer significantly of biofuels right now and will be for the foreseeable future”, as you can see from every U.S. piece that looks at this and says, “This is going to be a gold mine for American farmers for the next 10 years.”
How do you justify that in the context that biofuels themselves produce a lot of greenhouse gas in their full life cycle? It takes 1.6 units of energy to produce one unit of energy in the biofuels industry. Square the circle for me, please, Mr. Minister.
View Seamus O'Regan Profile
Lib. (NL)
Ultimately it will lower emissions, and not only is it important that we do that domestically, but, I would make the argument, particularly when, as I said, our number one competitor and our number one customer is about to pivot in a very dramatic fashion. It is very important reputationally that we demonstrate to this administration that we are doing everything we possibly can to lower emissions. We do not want a reputational risk here, either. They need to know that we are—
Results: 1 - 100 of 4173 | Page: 1 of 42

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
>
>|
Export As: XML CSV RSS

For more data options, please see Open Data