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Results: 1 - 15 of 616
View Jacques Gourde Profile
CPC (QC)
Thank you, Mr. Chair.
I, too, would like to talk about the report, and I will keep it short. The title of the report alone gives me the chills: the “Trudeau II Report”. The number II means it’s the second report in the same session about the fact that the Prime Minister broke the law. In the case at hand, he violated section 9 of the Conflict of Interest Act. Here is what that section stipulates:
No public office holder shall use his or her position as a public office holder to seek to influence a decision of another person so as to further the public office holder’s private interests or those of the public office holder’s relatives or friends or to improperly [I repeat, improperly] further another person’s private interests.
In paragraph 282 of this very detailed report, Commissioner Mario Dion specifies that “the authority of the Prime Minister and his office was used to circumvent, undermine and ultimately attempt to discredit the decision of the Director of Public Prosecutions as well as the authority of Ms. Wilson-Raybould as the Crown’s chief law officer.”
That is a scandal in itself. One has to wonder, with an election around the corner, whether Canadians deserve a prime minister who breaks the laws of his own country. This is scathing.
I hope that in the next few minutes, my colleagues across the way will have the moral conscience to permit us to invite the commissioner to come testify. He’s willing to do it. We have other questions to ask, and there is more to come on this story. We’d like to shed some light on that and learn the whole truth. Canadians deserve to know the truth before the election on October 21.
In the democracy in which we live, it’s very troubling for all Canadians to see that an individual in a high-level position like the Prime Minister’s doesn’t seem to understand the separation of executive, legislative and judiciary powers.
Thank you, Mr. Chair.
View Jacques Gourde Profile
CPC (QC)
Thank you, Mr. Chair.
There is no doubt that artificial intelligence will play a major role in the global economy. However, I have the impression that funding, which comes mainly from the private sector and to a lesser extent from the public sector, is not necessarily intended to ensure the well-being of humanity.
Can we know what proportion of artificial intelligence budgets is allocated to military activities and what proportion goes to health?
I think that, in the health field, this will help everyone. On the other hand, in the military field, we will create super powerful weapons and hope never to use them. These funds might have been more useful to humanity if they had been invested in health. There is no doubt that companies are looking to make a profit. They go where money is available and contracts are easy to obtain. Ethically, there will be a global problem.
What do you think, Mr. Leduc and Mr. Tang?
View Jacques Gourde Profile
CPC (QC)
Mr. Mittelstadt, did you want to add something?
View Jacques Gourde Profile
CPC (QC)
Thank you.
View Jacques Gourde Profile
CPC (QC)
Thank you, Mr. Vice-Chair.
My thanks to the witnesses for being here today.
Mr. Théberge, I am going to take a part of your address and ask you some questions. You said that “federal public servants are not always able to work in the official language of their choice in regions that are designated bilingual”.
Canada is a bilingual country. Our federal institutions are bilingual. When you say that they are not able to work in the language of their choice, that probably means that they are not able to work in French. The converse would surprise me greatly. If some regions are designated bilingual, it means that other regions are designated unilingual. However, our federal institutions are bilingual.
View Jacques Gourde Profile
CPC (QC)
I see where you are going, but I want to go further.
In the next year of your mandate, I challenge you to find any unilingual francophone public servants in Canada. I challenge you. They are practically all anglophone. Just try to find a unilingual francophone.
I live in Lévis, close to Quebec City. In my constituency office in Lévis—Lotbinière, I have met with people who want to work in the federal public service in Quebec City. However, the requirement to know English is quite high. In Quebec City, they all work in French, but they are told that there may be meetings in which they will have to discuss a number of communications in English and that, if they do not reach the level required, they will not be able to work.
I doubt whether it is the same in Toronto. In Toronto, they work in English. If an anglophone’s level of French is not adequate, perhaps they will provide him with courses, which he may never need.
This discriminates against francophones. The opportunities are not equal. Francophones all need to speak English in order to get into public service trades and professions. Francophones are the ones adjusting. Let me give you a simple example: 12 public servants attend a meeting. The first person to speak talks to the others in English. Then the entire meeting carries on in English, even with 11 francophones there. It is always like that.
As part of your mandate, will you be able to encourage those who are making an effort? Often, we talk about problems, but we do not talk about initiatives inside a department. For example, to raise awareness, why not have everyone speak French every Tuesday morning, even at lunch? They have learned French, but they do not use it.
If we are incapable of establishing that in our federal institutions, if we are incapable of setting an example, there is absolutely no reason to continue. There is absolutely no reason to have an Office of the Commissioner of Official Languages. You have to promote good practices, and perhaps remind people that they can do more.
View Jacques Gourde Profile
CPC (QC)
Thank you.
View Jacques Gourde Profile
CPC (QC)
Thank you, Mr. Chair.
My question will focus on a more technical subject.
You, and especially Amazon and other similar organizations, have a lot of information and personal data on your clients.
I'm sure that you're taking every possible measure to secure all the data. However, given the emergence of artificial intelligence, you may have received services to help you predict the market in the future.
It could be useful—especially for Amazon—to be able to predict, let's say for next summer, which item on order could qualify for a discount and be put on sale.
Perhaps some subcontractors or individuals have provided services related to the new algorithm systems. Basically, they sold these services to help you.
Can these subcontractors, if you use them—of course, you don't need to tell us—guarantee that, when they use your company's data to provide this type of service, they won't sell personal information to other people or to larger organizations? These organizations would be very happy to obtain the information, whether they use it to sell advertising or for other purposes.
Do any organizations provide this type of service?
View Jacques Gourde Profile
CPC (QC)
Do any other organizations use algorithm strategies to promote your products?
View Jacques Gourde Profile
CPC (QC)
Mr. Davidson, do you want to add anything?
View Jacques Gourde Profile
CPC (QC)
Thank you, Mr. Chair.
My question will focus on a word that seemed to me to be important just now, the word “responsibility”.
This morning, we heard from representatives from digital platforms. They seemed to brush away a major part of their responsibility.
That shocked me. I feel they have a responsibility for their platforms and for the services they provide. Despite very specific questions, they were not able to prove that they are in control of their platforms in terms of broadcasting fake news or hate propaganda that can really change the course of things and influence a huge number of people.
The users, those that buy advertising, also have a responsibility. When you buy advertising, it must be fair and accurate, in election campaigns especially, but also all the time.
If there was international regulation one day, how should we determine the responsibility of both parties, the digital platforms and the users, so they can be properly identified?
That question goes to anyone who wants to answer.
View Jacques Gourde Profile
CPC (QC)
Is there, anywhere in the world…
Mr. Cannataci, did you want to add a comment?
View Jacques Gourde Profile
CPC (QC)
Thank you, Mr. Chair.
Over the years, the digital platforms you represent have developed very powerful, even overly powerful, tools. You are in the midst of a frantic race for performance. However, it isn't necessarily for the well-being of humanity, but rather for the personal interests of your companies.
Let me make an analogy. You have designed cars that can travel up to 250 kilometres an hour, but you rent them to drivers who travel at that speed in school zones. You have developed tools that have become dangerous, that have become weapons.
As a legislator, I do not accept that you rejected out of hand your responsibility in this regard. These tools belong to you, you have equipped them with functions, but you don't necessarily choose the users. So you rent your tools commercially to people who misuse them.
In the election we'll have in Canada in a few months, will you have the technical ability to immediately stop any fake news, any form of hate advertising or any form of advertising that would undermine our democracy? Will you be able to act very quickly? At the very least, can you stop all advertising during elections in Canada and other countries, if you cannot guarantee us absolute control over the ads that can be placed on your platforms?
We'll start with the representatives from Facebook, then I'd like to hear from Google and Twitter.
View Jacques Gourde Profile
CPC (QC)
Excuse me, Mr. Chan, but it isn't about parties. It's about people who will have to make a choice based on the information we will provide to them, not on fake information.
Do you have the ability to quickly stop the spread of fake information or even to stop altogether any advertising that can be placed on your platforms, if you don't have control over it?
View Jacques Gourde Profile
CPC (QC)
Please don't list all the provinces.
I want to know if you have the ability to stop the spread of any hate advertising or any fake information at any time during the next election.
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