Interventions in Committee
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Vanessa Herrick
View Vanessa Herrick Profile
Vanessa Herrick
2019-04-30 9:23
I think it requires a certain level of creativity. I was at a conference recently and I saw a really interesting presentation from a local CLSC in Quebec, and it was having difficulty with this. How do you reach these communities? How do you reach people who aren't online or who can't afford the Internet?
What they did—which I thought was really brilliant—was that they sent out messages with the Meals on Wheels people, and they had little notes saying, “Would you like us to call you with these services?”
This way it's not put on the senior to phone them. It's not onerous for them to find these people and find the information. Many of them are already benefiting from Meals on Wheels. These are people whom they know and are comfortable with. All they have to do is tick off a box, give it back to the person bringing them the meal, who is responsible for bringing it back to the CLSC, which follows up and says, “Okay, you expressed interest in these different services; what can we do for you?”
They had a really high level of success. It just takes some creativity and not always relying on the same ways we've done things.
View Irene Mathyssen Profile
How widespread is that kind of approach? You talked about it in Quebec, but does anyone know if it's something that is utilized in the other provinces and territories?
Vanessa Herrick
View Vanessa Herrick Profile
Vanessa Herrick
2019-04-30 9:24
I haven't heard of it anywhere else, but I don't know. I can't speak to that for sure.
View Anne Minh-Thu Quach Profile
Thank you, Mr. Chair.
I'm going to share my speaking time with my colleague who has just arrived.
Thank you to the witnesses for being here.
My first questions will be for Mr. Johnson and Mr. Dupuis.
You spoke a lot about access to French-language services, especially in airports. How important is it to also have access to legal services in French? Although Quebec is a francophone province, after the arrival of 25,000 irregular migrants in 2017, there weren't enough French-language legal services and health care. There was a particular lack of francization and interpretation services. Even in Quebec we need such services.
What is the situation in your area?
Alain Dupuis
View Alain Dupuis Profile
Alain Dupuis
2019-04-10 16:13
The francophone lawyers' associations wish to offer more specialized services to francophone immigrants. That is a perfect example of gaps in the immigrants' integration journey. That is one of the sectors that needs to be developed.
View Karen Ludwig Profile
Lib. (NB)
Do you hear from any of the veterans that you're working with about the veterans centres themselves? Are they using the veterans centres?
Andrew Baldwin-Brown
View Andrew Baldwin-Brown Profile
Andrew Baldwin-Brown
2019-03-18 16:43
Usually not, but some do. I tend not to. Most of the patients that we deal with deal with Veterans Affairs remotely through My VAC Account. The younger generation, usually those under 40 are high users of My VAC Account.
Then again, it's individualized. Someone with severe PTSD and depression may not have the capability to click 82 times to get what they need. Most of them are call-ins or proactive outreaches from the case managers themselves.
David Manicom
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David Manicom
2019-01-30 15:53
Thank you, Mr. Chair.
My name is David Manicom and I am the Assistant Deputy Minister for Settlement and Integration at Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada.
I am joined by Corinne Prince, the Director General for Settlement and Immigration Policy, and by Laura Di Paolo, the Director General for the Settlement network.
We hope that our testimony will be helpful to your study.
Immigrants from every corner of the world have made significant contributions to all spheres of Canadian life, and they continue to make influential contributions to science, business, and technology.
Through new perspectives and diverse insights, immigrants also help to drive our country's intellectual and artistic capital. Many of our immigrants also bring with them an entrepreneurial spirit, creating jobs and becoming important drivers of innovation and investment.
Immigration benefits Canada's economic and demographic growth, our innovation and prosperity and our efforts at nation building. With Canada's aging population and growing labour force needs, I think we can all agree, Mr. Chair, that immigration will be vital to the continued growth and success of our country's economy and society. This statement is also supported by research.
Statistics Canada reports that the lion's share of national employment gains, 66% of gains between 2016 and 2017, was directly accounted for by immigrants.
And the most recent labour force survey for December 2018 shows that immigrants' employment rates are broadly in line with the national average.
The unemployment rate for core working-age immigrants stood at 5.7% in 2018.
This is the lowest unemployment rate for this group since at least 2006. This bodes very well for the future of immigration in Canada and suggests that our settlement program is doing a good job of helping newcomers to integrate. This is key, because ensuring that immigration remains advantageous to Canada in the future means that all newcomers are integrated and supported so they may contribute to various aspects of Canadian life.
Settlement services are a key to newcomer success, and investing in that success will be key to our nation's future prosperity and inclusiveness.
By the end of fiscal year 2019-2020, this will represent a 32% increase in settlement funding since 2015-2016.
In 2018-2019, our department has funded over 500 organizations and provided services to approximately 460,000 clients. Of these clients, more than 100,000 accessed language training services, reflecting the critical importance of English and French language skills for successful settlement in Canada.
Looking ahead, the ongoing success of our settlement programming will continue to depend critically upon our partnerships, which go well beyond the Government of Canada. This year we developed a shared national vision on settlement and integration with our partners, including the provinces, territories and stakeholders. That shared vision is that the successful settlement and integration of newcomers benefits Canada by building a more inclusive, diverse and productive nation. This is achieved through a shared effort that helps all reach their economic and social potential.
As you know, improving the delivery of settlement services is one of the commitments identified in Minister Hussen's mandate letter and is a priority that our department is intently focused on.
Our goal is to offer services that will best meet immigrants' needs and produce the best settlement outcomes possible. Our outcomes-based programming will be informed by our research, analysis, evaluation findings and the results of our new pilot projects.
To assess the effectiveness of our services, the department conducted a formal evaluation of the program, completed in May 2017. This incorporated a wide range of perspectives, including program clients, stakeholders and program officials, and comprised the largest-scale survey of newcomers ever conducted to that point, with almost 15,000 respondents. Overall, the evaluation found that our program has been effective at meeting a growing demand for settlement services. A clear majority of clients—96%—reported positive outcomes, such as improving their language ability finding employment, participating in their communities, and so forth.
We also conducted separate evaluations of the pre-arrival services and immigration to francophone minority communities.
The evaluations made several recommendations to improve our settlement program. The department has developed an action plan that is addressing those gaps. This plan will guide future program improvements, and inform the next calls for proposals with service providers, which will launch next month.
To date, improvements to our settlement program have included streamlining our pre-arrival settlement services for newcomers who are still abroad.
A number of projects are also under way to experiment with and assess potential new service delivery improvement projects. This year we will devote $32 million toward a dedicated funding stream for service delivery improvements and innovations.
One of the first of such innovative pilots is employing newcomers in stable, good-paying hotel jobs. This pilot will connect as many as 1,300 unemployed or unemployed newcomers with jobs in the hotel industry while they strengthen their language skills in the workplace.
Our program evaluation shows that combining employment and language training is effective and ultimately improves settlement and integration.
As such, the department is exploring more of these types of projects that combine workplace experience with language training and other supports. The Atlantic immigration program pilot is another example of this type of innovation.
IRCC is also launching other innovative settlement programs to target more vulnerable populations, such as refugees and women. We launched a pilot project this past December to support visible minority newcomer women in gaining access to and advancing in the labour market. Through this project, we aim to support the employment of visible minority newcomer women by increasing existing services, establishing new partnerships and testing the effectiveness of different combinations of employment services.
In addition, we are looking at improving the services that we offer to French-speaking newcomers who settle in francophone and Acadian communities outside of Quebec.
As announced in Budget 2018, and included in the official languages action plan, the department will invest more than $40 million over the next five years on a francophone integration pathway.
We are also looking at improving our settlement services for refugees, which have been especially important for Syrian refugees. This spring, IRCC will issue a major report on the 52,000 Syrian refugees who have arrived in Canada. We have already compiled much data from various sources. Most notably, 57% of Syrian refugees reported that they were employed, a marked increase since our 2016 rapid evaluation findings and, I think we can say, exceeding our expectations. What a wonderful collective effort from Canadians and these newcomers.
Once our report is complete, we expect the overall findings to the positive. More importantly, this will also help guide future improvements to our settlement services for refugees.
The call for proposals process that we will launch next month also will place an increased focus on key areas, including the integration of vulnerable populations, such as youth, refugees and LGBTQ2+, a greater focus on mental health supports and further enhancing our services for francophone newcomers.
The department recognizes that we must continue to assess what is working and what must be improved, and to continuously adapt our settlement programs to the changing needs of newcomers.
Going forward, with true co-planning with the provinces and territories and close co-operation with our partners and stakeholders, we can create a clearer picture of what newcomers need and determine how to collectively meet those needs. Our aim is to maximize the social and economic contributions of all immigrants to Canada, regardless of how they arrive.
As one of our service providers said today at a meeting I was at, it's about building a better Canada one newcomer at a time. With that in mind, Mr. Chair, we look forward to the findings of the committee's study.
Thank you very much.
View Francesco Sorbara Profile
Lib. (ON)
Madam Minister, we are at nearly the end of the calendar year, which for taxpayers is the end of their fiscal year. What message would you like to send the taxpayers now that they will be filing their income taxes in a few months? I think we have done a number of things to simplify the system, to make it more efficient. Filers can file online. We've obviously reduced taxes for nine million Canadians. Perhaps you can comment on the resources that we put in place to allow filers to file by telephone, in some instances, and to simplify the system for all Canadians.
View Diane Lebouthillier Profile
Lib. (QC)
I thank my colleague for his question.
I'm determined to improve the agency's services to meet the needs of all Canadians. The purpose of everything the agency has put in place in the past three years is to make the client our central concern.
We've introduced a new service, File My Return, an automated telephone service accessible to more than 950,000 taxpayers who have straightforward tax situations. We've clarified and simplified the use of our My Account service and also launched the CRA BizApp application.
We've reinstated the Disability Advisory Committee.
We've launched two series of Serving You Better consultations with small and medium-sized enterprises to determine with them how the agency can further simplify the way it works with them.
We've improved the objection process.
In February 2019, we'll be opening service centres for northern communities in the territorial capitals. What people in the north are experiencing is important to us. Their situation is very different from that of people in the south
We've completed installation of the new call centre platform, and it will be functional very soon. Business information requests directed to call centres migrated in November, and the service line for benefit information requests migrated on December 3.
We've also appointed the chief service and data officer, who will ensure the clientele is treated equally in the Canada Revenue Agency's various areas of activity.
We have simplified the agency's letters and forms. Last year we mailed tax packages to Canadians who chose to file their returns on paper, and we will do the same thing this year.
As I mentioned, the agency is still working to put the client at the centre of its actions.
View Michael McLeod Profile
Lib. (NT)
Thank you, Mr. Chairman, and thank you to the presenters today.
I have to first of all say how much I appreciate the improved relationship we've had in the north in the last couple of years and the improved communications. I think it's really starting to show in the number of complaints that I've been receiving over the years. The minister stated quite clearly that the process has to be fair and equitable across the country. I think there's a lot of work to be done, and a lot of work has been done. It's my understanding that CRA has recently appointed a chief service officer. How is this appointment going to help in improving fairness at the CRA?
Bob Hamilton
View Bob Hamilton Profile
Bob Hamilton
2018-12-11 9:16
Yes, indeed, we did earlier this year appoint a chief service officer at the agency and it's a piece of a broader exercise we have to try to improve service at the CRA and to take an approach more centred on the Canadian taxpayer.
I think in the past we have found ourselves sometimes working in silos within the agency. One part is doing something that is not as connected as it should be to another part. We have to recognize that when we provide services to Canadians we're providing a range of services. It could be telephone calls, correspondence, the website, and we need to take an approach that looks at it from the taxpayers' perspective and that we're providing the services we need to. We did name a chief service officer in that regard, and her job is primarily to look at the way we provide service to Canadians, both digitally and by paper, but across the board, so that comprehensively we can say, yes, we're doing things that make sense for the taxpayer.
We're listening to the feedback that they get. We have different channels to get feedback, whether it's public opinion, research, complaints that come in. We make sure that we're listening to that, and then further make sure that we're taking that information and looking for ways to improve, whether it's how we respond to phone calls or the accessibility of our website. That is really what her job is going to be. If I think of it, it's integrating the activities of the agency so that we can better focus on how we can provide services to Canadians better.
View Michael McLeod Profile
Lib. (NT)
The previous government shut down the only office that existed in the north for CRA. I know when I first got elected, there were a number of complaints coming forward. I think it was a real challenge for many people to try to get the attention of the CRA through the process that was in place. I'm happy to see that there's been some progress in the communications and maybe we could talk about that. I really believe that services have to be equivalent right across this country, and that includes the north. There's been some progress.
Can you talk about some of these things? We've had issues with the northern residency deduction. We've had triggers that were calling for audits and some people have been audited over and over again, but things seems to be moving forward. Can you talk about what you're doing in the north?
Bob Hamilton
View Bob Hamilton Profile
Bob Hamilton
2018-12-11 9:18
Yes, I'm happy to talk about that.
Again, I think as we look at the services that we are providing in Canada.... One of the steps we have taken in that regard is in the north, where we're doing, I'd say, three things to try to improve services there.
The first is to provide more access to CRA employees. Putting somebody in an office up there in the north, to answer questions, is something that we are doing. Hopefully, it will help provide better information to taxpayers. What this is all about, and what you'll see in all of our service activities, is trying to better explain to Canadians what is required, what their tax obligations are and how we can make it easier to comply.
We think that providing offices in the north will help in that regard, and we will make CRA people available in those offices. We will be looking to expand the community volunteer program, which goes out to try to help people fill in their taxes. That's one key element.
The second is looking at the northern residents deduction, to see if, as you say, we can uncover any systemic reasons we might be verifying the same people over and over again. We're looking at the algorithms we use that decide how we test and review certain cases. We're also trying to make sure that we better explain earlier on and have good conversations about what the obligations are under the northern residents deduction.
That's a second place where we're trying to do a better job of communicating, explaining and even looking at our process to see if we can simplify it.
A final area was looking at a regulatory change on the low-cost airfare, just to make sure that we didn't have a system in place that was too hard for people to comply with, where you had to pick the lowest airfare on a particular day to be eligible for it under the program. We're looking at ways to simplify that and advance a regulatory change to that effect.
Those are the pieces that we think will help and hopefully reduce some of complaints we get in the north. It's part of a continuing effort to improve our services.
View Wayne Easter Profile
Lib. (PE)
Thank you, both.
Before I go to Mr. Richards, I did have a question in this area of the chief service officer. At our constituency offices—and I assume most members' constituency offices are in the same situation—we'll get where we're the last stop, and we'll get calls from constituents in tears trying to deal with CRA.
There's no front office service anymore. It used to be fine when people went in and were able to sit down with somebody—in my case, in the Charlottetown office—to talk it through and see what they could do. Maybe their bank account's been frozen, and whether for right or for wrong, there is a feeling among many constituents when they're talking to a CRA representative on the phone, after they get through the queue—sometimes they have to wait a long time—that they're treated like a criminal.
There has to be a different attitude in that regard, because then we get the calls and we try to deal with it through our contacts.
I will say that for MPs, most of the time in the contact we have with CRA, they do their best to help us out, and through that, help the constituent. I just want to put that on the table, that there is a problem for constituents in what they feel the attitude of the CRA individual is toward them. They feel like they've been treated like a criminal. It may have been an innocent mistake on their side or it may not, but their bank account may have been frozen or whatever.
I'm just telling you, that is a problem we have to deal with, Commissioner Hamilton. Will the chief service officer help in that regard? Is there any thought of bringing back front-line services at CRA offices?
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