Interventions in Committee
 
 
 
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View Alupa Clarke Profile
CPC (QC)
Yes and no, because I'm not entirely certain I clearly understand.
If the determination as to whether it's a routine or strategic disposal is made before the aboriginal consultation, what's the point of the aboriginal consultation?
For example, let's say the disposal is routine or strategic and that a lot of people have expressed interest.
You're at the disposal determination step, and everyone is interested, whether it be crown corporations, provinces or municipalities. Two weeks later, you get a call from an aboriginal community.
Will it have priority over all the other parties that have already expressed interest?
View Alupa Clarke Profile
CPC (QC)
Yes, but Mrs. Levesque said there was a kind of immediate synergy between step 3 and step 5.
View Alupa Clarke Profile
CPC (QC)
Which of the two takes precedence?
Is it interest-based or rights-based?
View Alupa Clarke Profile
CPC (QC)
Dear colleagues and citizens, here's the notice I submitted last Thursday:
That the Committee call on the Royal Canadian Mounted Police to reverse its decision, effective April 1, 2019, to end unilingual francophone training at its academy, Depot Division in Saskatchewan.
I would like to say that there's no particular intent behind this motion. I was somewhat troubled when I saw it. In fact, it really made me angry. I thought that, if the committee unanimously agreed to this motion, that would send a strong signal. I even hoped that the present Government of Canada would find this decision clearly made no sense. I think it's a non-partisan issue.
I sought an outside professional opinion on Canadian law. Those people told me that the RCMP probably had budget considerations. In its own view, it may feel they are legitimate—I know that budget issues are not always easy for the RCMP—but our duty isn't to consider the RCMP's concerns regarding budgets or other matters. Our duty is to determine whether this decision contradicts the spirit or letter of the Official Languages Act, which, according to the opinion I have received, is the case.
View Alupa Clarke Profile
CPC (QC)
It's an honour to be here.
View Alupa Clarke Profile
CPC (QC)
Thank you, Mr. Chair.
Good afternoon everyone. Thank you all for being with us today.
I pay close attention to the plastics problem plaguing the world. I've read articles in Nature, GEO and National Geographic, so I'm familiar with the problem. It's horrifying to see the continent of plastic often featured in TV documentaries.
Ms. Dionne, before getting into plastics, strictly speaking, I'd like you to clarify something. You mentioned the use of molecular technology in plastic recycling. You said it would soon be possible to recycle all plastics. What did you mean by soon?
View Alupa Clarke Profile
CPC (QC)
I see.
Thank you, Ms. Dionne.
Mr. Brooks and Mr. Buonsante, we hear a lot about these plastic containers in the Pacific Ocean. In the other oceans of the world, are there the same kinds of plastic areas and about the same size?
View Alupa Clarke Profile
CPC (QC)
Exactly how deep and how wide is this huge amount of plastic that's in the Pacific Ocean?
View Alupa Clarke Profile
CPC (QC)
In terms of its weight, it must be having some effect on the patterns of the ocean. Is it disturbing the way in which the ocean moves around?
View Alupa Clarke Profile
CPC (QC)
I'm not quite sure I understood clearly what you said earlier. Are you suggesting that we should one day ban completely all the kinds of plastics we use in Canada, for example?
View Alupa Clarke Profile
CPC (QC)
If we were to have the best standards of normalization, how long would the process take, do you think? You spoke about Norway, for example. There are other countries right now that are best examples, I guess, in terms of plastic management. If we were to apply in Canada the best plastic management on earth today, how long would the transition be to get to a point where we knew that no plastic was going to areas that we didn't want it to go?
View Alupa Clarke Profile
CPC (QC)
Okay. Perfect.
That's all for me.
View Alupa Clarke Profile
CPC (QC)
Thank you, Mr. Chair.
Mr. Fraser, thank you for being here today and meeting with the committee on your own personal time.
We all know how deep your knowledge of the Official Languages Act runs, on both a theoretical and a practical level.
Since you talked about the Gascon decision and the fact that the federal government is appealing the decision, I'd like to keep that momentum going.
You know as well as we do that the FCFA—
View Alupa Clarke Profile
CPC (QC)
Yes, of course. Thank you.
You're aware that the FCFA is calling for stronger language in the modernized act, mainly, that the word “may” be replaced by the word “shall”—in English—and that the word “peut” be replaced by the word “doit”—in French.
Do you think that change in terminology should be applied to part VII as well?
If so, how would it impact the division of powers under the Constitution?
View Alupa Clarke Profile
CPC (QC)
You're talking about regulations to enforce part VII, just as part IV has regulations, are you not?
View Alupa Clarke Profile
CPC (QC)
As far as the other parts of the act are concerned, do you think changing the terminology from “may” to “shall” is appropriate?
View Alupa Clarke Profile
CPC (QC)
I have a second question, Mr. Fraser.
Where do you stand on the idea of an administrative tribunal empowered to deal solely with official languages complaints? Do you think it's a good idea?
View Alupa Clarke Profile
CPC (QC)
Thank you, Mr. Chair.
I would like to present a notice of motion. It is a notice of motion, because I have decided to change the motion I introduced 48 hours ago. We can debate it at our next meeting, next Tuesday.
It reads as follows:
That the Committee call on the Royal Canadian Mounted Police to reverse its decision, effective April 1, 2019, to end unilingual francophone training at its academy, Depot Division in Saskatchewan.
I hereby give notice of this motion.
I will use these final seconds to thank you for appearing today, Mr. Fraser. Thank you also for the excellent work you have done and are certainly going to continue to do for the benefit of the Canadian duality.
View Alupa Clarke Profile
CPC (QC)
Thank you, Mr. Chair.
Ms. Pelletier, good afternoon, and thank you for joining us today.
I invited you because I wanted to hear from an expert. You are one because you are the head of the Administrative Tribunals Support Service of Canada.
I want to make sure that I fully understood. You said earlier that there are from three to 100 members. Is that in your service or in each of the tribunals?
View Alupa Clarke Profile
CPC (QC)
I am sure you understand that we invited you here because we are studying the possibility of an administrative tribunal devoted exclusively to the official languages.
View Alupa Clarke Profile
CPC (QC)
How many member judges would an official languages tribunal require, in your opinion, based on an equivalent tribunal?
View Alupa Clarke Profile
CPC (QC)
Since the mandate does not exist in this case, it is very difficult for you to give us any figures.
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