Thank you, Madam Chair.
Mr. Viau, thank you for your presentation on behalf of Équiterre.
You mentioned in your report that a major part of the oil sands industry was foreign-owned. I would be curious to have the figures as well as the trend because, in 2016, I read a text by Mr. Daniel Breton, Quebec Minister of Sustainable Development, Environment, Wildlife and Parks in 2012, in which he stated that fewer and fewer foreign companies were interested in the oil sector. I should point out that this was about the oil sector in general, not just the oil sands. That may be the difference; you may or may not confirm it, since you are the expert.
Mr. Breton indicated that, in the end, there were fewer and fewer royalties, and that the large and growing share was in fact pension funds. In other words, the pensions of Canadians and Quebeckers were at risk. In fact, the Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec jumped into this for a while. We were putting pensions at risk for this sector which, in the end, was anything but interesting in the long term.
I'd like to get your comments on that.