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About Members

Voters send Members to the House of Commons-the official meeting place of the elected representatives of the Canadian people. Members' daily duties include responsibilities in several areas. Their work is carried out in the Chamber, in committee, in Members' offices in Ottawa and in their constituencies, and in caucus. They also represent Canadians internationally and welcome foreign visitors to our country.


Photo of the mace

Chamber Business

Members debate and vote on legislation, present documents and petitions, ask and respond to questions and raise issues of importance to their constituents in the Chamber. In doing so, they are fulfilling their constitutional mandate to keep the government accountable.

Committee Work

Members' responsibilities also include work in the various committees. Committees investigate current matters, study proposed legislation and receive input from citizens and other experts about important issues.

Caucus Activities

As most Members belong to a political party, one of their duties at the House of Commons is to discuss policies and parliamentary strategy at regular party caucus meetings. The parties have staff who provide research and other support to the caucus and who help Members with their responsibilities in the Chamber and in committees.

Helping Constituents

Members have a responsibility to be available to constituents who want to discuss matters of concern or who need help with federal programs and services. All Members maintain offices and staff in their constituencies, to allow the public to be in touch with them at any time. One week per month is usually scheduled for Members to return to these offices to meet with constituents, and longer periods are scheduled for this purpose during the summer and from late December through late January.

International Duties

In their role promoting democratic institutions and strengthening ties with other countries, Members represent Canada internationally and receive visitors from abroad.


Photo of Members desks in Chamber


Members of Parliament come from different walks of life and age groups: they have diverse cultural backgrounds and they bring a wealth of personal and professional experience to the House of Commons.

Members of the 40th Parliament are knowledgeable in finance, law, journalism, education, farming, the environment, the arts, health, labour studies and science. The membership of the House includes representatives of the Inuit, Métis and First Nations and many Members who were born outside of Canada in countries as varied as Italy, England, India, China, Greece, Portugal and Tanzania.


Distribution of Members by Age Group

Bar diagram displaying Members by age group


Educational Background

Bar diagram displaying Members by educational background


Other Facts

Bar diagram displaying number of seats held by Members elected for the first time, women, men and Members born outside of Canada


The Political Parties

Most Members of the 40th Parliament belong to one of four recognized political parties, although they may also sit as an independent Member. The parties are the Bloc Québécois, the Conservative Party of Canada, the Liberal Party of Canada and the New Democratic Party of Canada.

Party Standings in the House of Commons as of March 31, 2010

Bar diagram displaying the party standings in the House of Commons as of March 31, 2010


Diagram of Chamber

The House of Commons seating plan



Information on Members of Parliament

To learn more about Members of Parliament, visit the Parliament of Canada Web site at Also, please refer to the insert in the middle of this report for photographs of the Members of the 40th Parliament.


Opportunities to Become Involved

Canadians can observe the activities in the House of Commons in several ways. Visitors are welcome to watch sittings in the Chamber. Please consult the Parliament of Canada Web site at to make sure a planned visit to Ottawa coincides with a sitting day, and either contact individual Members for passes to the Visitors' Gallery or watch the proceedings from the public galleries (subject to space availability). Alternatively, Canadians can watch each day's sitting in the Chamber and many of the committee meetings live on the Internet-go to

Each committee has its own page on the Web site. Committees' Web pages have information on how to watch a meeting in person or to participate. There is also a contact link for directing questions.

Visitors to Parliament Hill are encouraged to take guided tours, which include information about the workings of Parliament. For more information, go to Last year, more than 650,000 visitors, including almost 59,000 students, took guided tours of the Parliamentary Precinct. Also, visitors are welcome to walk around the grounds and enjoy the architecture, the national capital landscape, the flowers, the lighting, the statues, and the view.


A Parliamentary Milestone

Speaker Peter Milliken is the longest-serving Speaker in the Canadian House of Commons. In October 2009, he passed the milestone of eight years, eight months and thirteen days in the Speaker's chair, a record held by former Speaker Lucien Lamoureux since 1974.


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