Under the Constitution Act, 1867, a quorum of 20 Members, including the Speaker, is required “to constitute a meeting of the House for the exercise of its powers”. This constitutional requirement is reiterated in the Standing Orders, which also set out the procedure for when there appears to be an absence of quorum in the House.
Should a quorum appear not to exist at the time the House is scheduled to meet, a count of the House is taken by the Speaker. If fewer than 20 Members are present, the Speaker adjourns the House until the next sitting day.
During a sitting, any Member may draw the attention of the Speaker to the lack of a quorum.
Should the House be required to adjourn for lack of quorum, any Order of the Day either under consideration at the time or projected for later in the day retains its precedence on the Order Paper for the next sitting.